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Sixty patients were randomized to receive intravenous busulfan (iBU) either as 0.8 mg/kg, over 2 hours 4 times a day (BU4 arm) or 3.2 mg/kg, over 3 hours once a day (BU1 arm) in conditioning therapy for hematopoietic cell transplantation. The complete pharmacokinetic parameters for the first busulfan dose were obtained from all patients and were comparable(More)
Dietary and metabolic therapies are increasingly being considered for a variety of neurological disorders, based in part on growing evidence for the neuroprotective properties of the ketogenic diet (KD) and ketones. Earlier, we demonstrated that ketones afford hippocampal synaptic protection against exogenous oxidative stress, but the mechanisms underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have been used to knockdown specific gene expression in various cells. Astrocytes and microglial cells play a key role in fundamental central nervous system functions and in chronic neuroinflammation. The aims of this study were to determine the optimal concentration of siRNA demonstrating efficient transfection(More)
As a part of a series of investigations on the functions of TIS21 and TIS1 genes, we measuredin vivo 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) inducibility of primary response genes (TIS21, TIS8 and TIS1) in the Balb/c mice and the changes of TIS gene expression in thymic carcinoma tissues and A549 and NCIH69 human lung cancer cell lines.In vivo induction(More)
The biological characteristics of intestinal-type early gastric cancers (ICs) differ based on mucin phenotypes. Beta-catenin delocalization is a predictive marker of aggressive biological behavior (submucosal invasion and lymph node metastasis) of ICs. The presumptive causative genetic alterations leading to delocalization of beta-catenin in ICs are still(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to investigate the time-course of the expression of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β after L5 spinal nerve transection (SNT), and to determine the effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting these cytokines on neuropathic pain. METHODS Rats received control siRNA (CON group, n = 80) or a cocktail of siRNAs targeting(More)
Halocidin is an antimicrobial peptide found in the tunicate. A series of experiments were previously conducted in an attempt to develop a novel antibiotic derived from halocidin, as the peptide was determined to evidence profound antimicrobial activity against a variety of antibiotic-resistant microbes, with significantly less toxicity to human blood cells.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between higher-order aberrations (HOAs) and amblyopia treatment in children with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia. METHODS The medical records of hyperopic amblyopia patients with both spherical anisometropia of 1.00 diopter (D) or more and astigmatic anisometropia of less than 1.00 D were reviewed retrospectively.(More)