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PURPOSE To investigate the relationship between higher-order aberrations (HOAs) and amblyopia treatment in children with hyperopic anisometropic amblyopia. METHODS The medical records of hyperopic amblyopia patients with both spherical anisometropia of 1.00 diopter (D) or more and astigmatic anisometropia of less than 1.00 D were reviewed retrospectively.(More)
Dietary and metabolic therapies are increasingly being considered for a variety of neurological disorders, based in part on growing evidence for the neuroprotective properties of the ketogenic diet (KD) and ketones. Earlier, we demonstrated that ketones afford hippocampal synaptic protection against exogenous oxidative stress, but the mechanisms underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have been used to knockdown specific gene expression in various cells. Astrocytes and microglial cells play a key role in fundamental central nervous system functions and in chronic neuroinflammation. The aims of this study were to determine the optimal concentration of siRNA demonstrating efficient transfection(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to investigate the time-course of the expression of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β after L5 spinal nerve transection (SNT), and to determine the effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting these cytokines on neuropathic pain. METHODS Rats received control siRNA (CON group, n = 80) or a cocktail of siRNAs targeting(More)
Estrogen treatment induces synaptic plasticity accompanied by damaged structures and aggregates of peroxidase in astrocytes in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus of the rat. Synaptic plasticity also occurs within the arcuate nucleus after physiologic surges of estrogen. Although the function of estrogen-induced peroxidase is unclear at present, in other(More)
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