Learn More
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder that affects ~5% of school-aged children; however, the mechanisms underlying ADHD remain largely unclear. Here we report a previously unidentified association between G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein-1 (GIT1) and ADHD in humans. An intronic single-nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental levels of lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) has been associated with detrimental effects to neurodevelopment. However, little is known about the potential association between environmental levels of Pb and Mn on intelligence of children. The aims of the study were to investigate the association of community level of Pb and Mn(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have sought to identify, in a regionally unbiased way, the precise cortical and subcortical regions that are affected by white matter abnormalities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to derive a comprehensive, whole-brain characterization of connectomic disturbances in ADHD. METHODS Using diffusion(More)
BACKGROUND Concern over phthalates has emerged because of their potential toxicity to humans. OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationship between the urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and children's intellectual functioning. METHODS This study enrolled 667 children at nine elementary schools in five South Korean cities. A cross-sectional(More)
OBJECTIVE A voxel based investigation of cerebral blood flow was conducted to identify brain function differences in the resting state between children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and normal controls. METHOD Using DSM-IV criteria, we selected 40 children with pure ADHD by various assessment scales, psychometric tools and a(More)
In order to develop a structured and objective diagnostic instrument, authors completed: (1) the translation and back translation of the Korean version of the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia - Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) and (2) the examination of its validity and reliability of the K-SADS-PL-Korean version (K-SADS-(More)
BACKGROUND Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Methylphenidate (MPH) has been shown to block the norepinephrine transporter (NET), and genetic investigations have demonstrated that the norepinephrine transporter gene (SLC6A2) is associated with(More)
Noradrenergic dysfunction may be associated with cognitive impairments in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including increased response time variability, which has been proposed as a leading endophenotype for ADHD. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between polymorphisms in the α-2A-adrenergic receptor (ADRA2A) and(More)
The catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) gene has been a promising candidate in genetic research on schizophrenia because of its function in dopamine metabolism and its location on chromosome 22q11.2, which may be implicated in both schizophrenia and velocardiofacial syndrome (VCFS). To explore the possible genetic contribution of COMT to the development of(More)
Dysregulation of noradrenergic system may play important roles in pathophysiology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We examined the relationship between polymorphisms in the norepinephrine transporter SLC6A2 gene and attentional performance before and after medication in children with ADHD. Fifty-three medication-naïve children with ADHD(More)