Sonya M. Bierbower

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Vertebrates and invertebrates show a similar response of rapid anesthesia with high levels of carbon dioxide. In this study, we use crayfish to examine both behavioral and physiological responses to increasing [CO(2)] to explain the rapid unresponsiveness and cessation of an autonomic response. Hypoxic and low pH environments that are induced by CO(2)(More)
Previous studies examining behavioral responses to CO(2) revealed that high [CO(2)] acts as a natural repellent in a concentration dependent manner for crayfish. Physiologically, CO(2) can rapidly block the autonomic responses in heart rate, as well as, inhibit an escape tail flip reflex in crayfish. Here, we demonstrate that the behavioral observations can(More)
The fear, flight or fight response serves as the fundamental physiological basis for examining an organism's awareness of its environment under an impending predator attack. Although it is not known whether invertebrates possess an autonomic nervous system identical to that of vertebrates, evidence shows invertebrates have a sympathetic-like response to(More)
The impact of environmental conditions for transmitting sensory cues and the ability of crayfish to utilize olfaction and vision were examined in regards to social interactive behavior. The duration and intensity of interactions were examined for conspecific crayfish with different sensory abilities. Normally, vision and chemosensory have roles in agonistic(More)
In classical conditioning, an alteration in response occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession. An area of particular research interest is classical conditioning with a chemical signal and visual and/or tactile stimuli as the unconditional stimuli, to test manipulative and motor behaviors in a learning paradigm. A classical learning(More)
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