Sonya G. Wilson

Learn More
It is generally acknowledged that humans display highly variable sensitivity to pain, including variable responses to identical injuries or pathologies. The possible contribution of genetic factors has, however, been largely overlooked. An emerging rodent literature documents the importance of genotype in mediating basal nociceptive sensitivity, in(More)
Clinical pain syndromes, and experimental assays of nociception, are differentially affected by manipulations such as drug administration and exposure to environmental stress. This suggests that there are different 'types' of pain. We exploited genetic differences among inbred strains of mice in an attempt to define these primary 'types'; that is, to(More)
Several variables have been reported to affect the expression of sex differences in the analgesic potency of morphine. Although the effect of genetic background on morphine analgesia has been well documented, the relevance of genotype to sex differences in morphine analgesia has rarely been considered. The present study investigated morphine dose-response(More)
Sex specificity of neural mechanisms modulating nociceptive information has been demonstrated in rodents, and these qualitative sex differences appear to be relevant to analgesia from kappa-opioid receptor agonists, a drug class reported to be clinically effective only in women. Via quantitative trait locus mapping followed by a candidate gene strategy(More)
It has been appreciated for some time that the sexes can differ in their sensitivity to pain and its inhibition. Both the human and rodent literatures remain quite contentious, with many investigators failing to observe sex differences that others document clearly. Recent data from our laboratory have pointed to an interaction between sex and genotype in(More)
Laboratory conditions in biobehavioral experiments are commonly assumed to be 'controlled', having little impact on the outcome. However, recent studies have illustrated that the laboratory environment has a robust effect on behavioral traits. Given that environmental factors can interact with trait-relevant genes, some have questioned the reliability and(More)
The heritability of nociception and antinociception has been well established in the mouse. The pharmacogenetics of morphine analgesia are fairly well characterized, but far less is known about other analgesics. The purpose of this work was to begin the systematic genetic study of non-mu-opioid analgesics. We tested mice of 12 inbred mouse strains for(More)
We and others have previously demonstrated that nociception in the mouse is heritable. A genetic correlation analysis of 12 common measures of nociception among a common set of inbred strains revealed three major clusters (or 'types') of nociception in this species. In the present study, we re-evaluated the major types of nociception and their(More)
Gene-targeting studies of pain, using transgenic 'knock-out' mice possessing null mutations of pain-relevant genes, are becoming increasingly common. This approach is a potentially powerful tool for the molecular dissection of complex traits such as pain modulation, but is subject to several theoretical drawbacks. One problem arises from the fact that the(More)