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Clinical pain syndromes, and experimental assays of nociception, are differentially affected by manipulations such as drug administration and exposure to environmental stress. This suggests that there are different 'types' of pain. We exploited genetic differences among inbred strains of mice in an attempt to define these primary 'types'; that is, to(More)
Laboratory conditions in biobehavioral experiments are commonly assumed to be 'controlled', having little impact on the outcome. However, recent studies have illustrated that the laboratory environment has a robust effect on behavioral traits. Given that environmental factors can interact with trait-relevant genes, some have questioned the reliability and(More)
It has been appreciated for some time that the sexes can differ in their sensitivity to pain and its inhibition. Both the human and rodent literatures remain quite contentious, with many investigators failing to observe sex differences that others document clearly. Recent data from our laboratory have pointed to an interaction between sex and genotype in(More)
We and others have previously demonstrated that nociception in the mouse is heritable. A genetic correlation analysis of 12 common measures of nociception among a common set of inbred strains revealed three major clusters (or 'types') of nociception in this species. In the present study, we re-evaluated the major types of nociception and their(More)
Sex specificity of neural mechanisms modulating nociceptive information has been demonstrated in rodents, and these qualitative sex differences appear to be relevant to analgesia from kappa-opioid receptor agonists, a drug class reported to be clinically effective only in women. Via quantitative trait locus mapping followed by a candidate gene strategy(More)
Individual differences in sensitivity to pain and analgesia are well appreciated, and increasing evidence has pointed towards a role of inherited genetic factors in explaining some proportion of such variability. It has long been known by practitioners of acupuncture, an ancient modality of analgesia, that some patients are 'responders' and others(More)
Preclinical data, performed in a limited number of pain models, suggest that functional blockade of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors may be beneficial for pain management. In the present study, effects of 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP), a potent, selective mGlu5 receptor antagonist, were examined in a wide variety of rodent nociceptive(More)
The heritability of nociception and antinociception has been well established in the mouse. The pharmacogenetics of morphine analgesia are fairly well characterized, but far less is known about other analgesics. The purpose of this work was to begin the systematic genetic study of non-mu-opioid analgesics. We tested mice of 12 inbred mouse strains for(More)
There is a qualitative sex difference in the neurochemical mediation of stress-induced and kappa-opioid analgesia; these phenomena are dependent on N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors in males but not females. Progesterone modulation of this sex difference was examined in mice. Analgesia against thermal nociception was produced by forced cold water(More)