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There has been increasing interest in the functional role of high-frequency (>30 Hz) cortical oscillations accompanying various sensorimotor and cognitive tasks in humans. Similar "high gamma" activity has been observed in the motor cortex, although the role of this activity in motor control is unknown. Using whole-head MEG recordings combined with advanced(More)
Fundamental to increasing our understanding of the role of white matter microstructure in normal/abnormal function in the living human is the development of MR-based metrics that provide increased specificity to distinct attributes of the white matter (e.g., local fibre architecture, axon morphology, and myelin content). In recent years, different(More)
Diffusion MRI is used extensively to investigate changes in white matter microstructure related to brain development and pathology. Ageing, however, is also associated with significant white and grey matter loss which in turn can lead to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) based partial volume artefacts in diffusion MRI metrics. This is especially problematic in(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether changes at diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were present in children with intractable epilepsy and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) in (a) subcortical white matter subjacent to MR imaging-visible areas of FCD, (b) subcortical white matter beyond the MR imaging-visible abnormality but subjacent to a(More)
A great deal of heterogeneity exists in fMRI data. Even within the same subject, results on successive days or scan sessions often differ in the number of significantly activated pixels and/or the intensity of activation. We sought to assess whether controllable physiologic modulators, such as dietary factors, could influence the outcome of fMRI data. A(More)
PURPOSE To measure possible positional and diurnal physiological effects on brain metabolites in single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) measurements of the right and left striatum. METHODS (1)H-MRS measurements were performed in 10 healthy adult volunteers using a short echo PRESS sequence (TE=30 ms, TR=3000 ms). Each individual(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether the BOLD signal from skeletal muscle can be modulated by exercise and ingestion of vasoactive substances. MATERIALS AND METHODS The right calf muscles of healthy adult volunteers were imaged using a GE 1.5-Tesla scanner and a gradient-echo sequence with spiral readout. Time-varying changes in the BOLD signal were induced(More)
Recent evidence suggests that individual differences in physical activity (PA) may be associated with individual differences in white matter microstructure and with grey matter volume of the hippocampus. Therefore, this study investigated the association between PA and white matter microstructure of pathways connecting to the hippocampus. A total of 33(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) leads to white matter (WM) degeneration that may be due to an early breakdown in axon myelination but in vivo imaging correlates of demyelination remain relatively unexplored in HD compared to other neurodegenerative diseases. This study investigated HD-related effects on a putative marker of myelin, the macromolecular proton(More)
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