Learn More
We explore the rate-dependent dynamic response of periodically paced bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) cardiac muscle. Alternans (2:2 behavior) occur in 35% of animals and 2:1 $ 1:1 bistability in 74% of animals. In addition, we observe 2:2 $ 2:1 bistablility. We discuss the implications of these results for two map-based models of cardiac dynamics. The high(More)
We investigated the dynamic spatiotemporal relationships of cerebral blood volume (CBV), deoxygenated hemoglobin (Hbr), and light scatter (LS) associated with interictal epileptiform events with multiwavelength optical recording of intrinsic signals and simultaneous field potential recording. Interictal spikes (IISs) were induced with iontophoresis of(More)
We begin by distinguishing computationalism from a number of other theses that are sometimes conflated with it. We also distinguish between several important kinds of computation: computation in a generic sense, digital computation, and analog computation. Then, we defend a weak version of computationalism-neural processes are computations in the generic(More)
Focal neocortical seizures, induced by injection of 4-aminopyridine, were imaged in the rat neocortex using the intrinsic optical signal, with incident light at various wavelengths. We observed focal, reproducible and prolonged reflectance drops following seizure onset, regardless of wavelength, in the ictal onset zone. A persistent drop in light(More)
We study the nonlinear response of the crayfish caudal photoreceptor to periodic mechanical stimuli in terms of stochastic synchronization. The amplitude and frequency of the mechanical stimuli and the light level are used as control parameters. The system shows multiple locking regions as the stimulus frequency is varied. We find that the synchronization(More)
Eye-target synchronization is critical for effective smooth pursuit of a moving visual target. We apply the nonlinear dynamical technique of stochastic-phase synchronization to human visual pursuit of a moving target, in both normal and mild traumatic brain-injured (mTBI) patients. We observe significant fatigue effects in all subject populations, in which(More)
In mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), the fiber tracts that connect the frontal cortex with the cerebellum may suffer shear damage, leading to attention deficits and performance variability. This damage also disrupts the enhancement of eye-target synchronization that can be affected by cognitive load when subjects are tested using a concurrent eye-tracking(More)
Stochastic resonance is the process by which noise added to a weak external stimulus can enhance encoding efficiency in the sensory periphery and thence in the central nervous system. Stochastic synchronization is the process by which noisy phase synchronization of two periodic (or aperiodic) signals can occur. Together with a brief review of both concepts,(More)
We present an empirical comparison between neural interspike interval sequences obtained from two different kinds of sensory receptors. Both differ in their internal structure as well as in the strength of correlations and the degree of predictability found in the respective spike trains. As a further tool in this context, we suggest the local uncertainty,(More)
Our understanding of perfusion-based human brain mapping techniques relies on a detailed knowledge of the relationship between neuronal activity and cerebrovascular hemodynamics. We performed optical imaging of intrinsic signals at wavelengths sensitive to total hemoglobin (Hbt; which correlate with cerebral blood volume (CBV)) and deoxygenated hemoglobin(More)