Sonomi Maruyama

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Ischemic heart disease is the major cause of death in Western countries. CTRP9 (C1q/TNF-related protein 9) is a fat-derived plasma protein that has salutary effects on glucose metabolism and vascular function. However, the functional role of CTRP9 in ischemic heart disease has not been clarified. Here, we examined the regulation of CTRP9 in response to(More)
Obesity-related diseases are associated with vascular dysfunction and impaired revascularization. Omentin is a fat-derived secreted protein, which is down-regulated in association with obese complications. Here, we investigated whether omentin modulates endothelial cell function and revascularization processes in vitro and in vivo. Systemic delivery of an(More)
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Adipose tissue secretes various bioactive molecules, referred to as adipokines, whose dysregulation can mediate changes in glucose homeostasis and inflammatory responses. Here, we identify C1qdc2/CTRP12 as an insulin-sensitizing adipokine that is abundantly(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a highly vascularized organ with abundant mitochondria that produce heat through uncoupled respiration. Obesity is associated with a reduction of BAT function; however, it is unknown how obesity promotes dysfunctional BAT. Here, using a murine model of diet-induced obesity, we determined that obesity causes capillary(More)
The elucidation of factors that activate the regeneration of the adult mammalian heart is of major scientific and therapeutic importance. Here we found that epicardial cells contain a potent cardiogenic activity identified as follistatin-like 1 (Fstl1). Epicardial Fstl1 declines following myocardial infarction and is replaced by myocardial expression.(More)
Accumulating evidence shows that obesity is associated with doxorubicin cardiac toxicity in the heart, but the molecular mechanisms that contribute to this pathological response are not understood. Adiponectin is an adipose-derived, cardioprotective factor that is down-regulated in obesity. Here, we investigated the effect of adiponectin on doxorubicin(More)
BACKGROUND Acute coronary syndrome is a leading cause of death in developed countries. Follistatin-like 1 (FSTL1) is a myocyte-derived secreted protein that is upregulated in the heart in response to ischemic insult. Here, we investigated the therapeutic impact of FSTL1 on acute cardiac injury in small and large preclinical animal models of(More)
Recent clinical trials demonstrated that PPARα agonist fenofibrate reduces cardiovascular events, including limb amputation in people with type 2 diabetes. Here, we investigated whether fenofibrate modulates the revascularization process in a mouse model of hindlimb ischemia. Treatment with fenofibrate led to acceleration of revascularization of ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) in patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in comparison to heart fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, myeloperoxidase (MPO), and pentraxin 3 (PTX3). METHODS AND RESULTS Patients (n=432)(More)
A 57-year-old man with acute myocarditis was transferred to our hospital from a local clinic. The patient experienced unexpected sudden cardiac arrest 16 h after admission. Mechanical cardiopulmonary support was started using percutaneous cardiopulmonary support, intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP), continuous hemodialysis filtration, and temporary cardiac(More)