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Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) is a secreted antagonist of Wnt signaling and functions by directly binding to Wnt ligands in the extracellular space. Here we report the identification of the 5' promoter region (approximately 1.5 kb) of the human WIF-1 gene. Functional analysis of this region shows that a whole fragment displays high basal promoter activity(More)
Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF-1) is a secreted protein that antagonizes Wnt signaling. We recently demonstrated the importance of aberrant activation of the Wnt signaling pathway in various cancers including malignant pleural mesothelioma. In this study, we revealed downregulated WIF-1 expression in cell lines and primary tissue when compared to normal(More)
Dickkopf-1 (Dkk-1) is a secreted protein that acts as a potent inhibitor of the Wnt signal transduction pathway. It is thought that the antagonistic effect of Dkk-1 is specific to the canonical (Wnt/beta-catenin) pathway. In this study, we demonstrate that restoration of Dkk-1 expression suppresses cell growth and induces apoptotic cell death in(More)
Sarcomas are one of the most refractory diseases among malignant tumors. More effective therapies based on an increased understanding of the molecular biology of sarcomas are needed as current forms of therapy remain inadequate. Recently, it has been reported that Wnt-1/β-catenin signaling inhibits apoptosis in several cancers. In this study, we(More)
Evidence suggests that stem cells may be the source of mutant cells that cause cancers to develop and proliferate. Wnt signaling has been shown to promote self-renewal in gut epithelial and hematopoietic stem cells and to trigger critical pathways in carcinogenesis. In this review, we highlight the progress in understanding how the Wnt pathway contributes(More)
Malignant mesothelioma of the pleura (MPM) is a highly aggressive neoplasm with a poor prognosis and limited treatment options. A better understanding of its pathogenesis is essential to developing alternative therapeutic strategies. We previously demonstrated that the Wnt signaling pathway is activated in MPM through the overexpression of disheveled(More)
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