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The aim of this study was to evaluate the tissue infiltration and phenotypic adhesion profile of 5T2 multiple myeloma (MM) and 5T33 MM cells and to correlate it with that observed in human disease. For each line, 30 mice were intravenously inoculated with myeloma cells and at a clear-cut demonstrable serum paraprotein concentration; mice were sacrificed and(More)
Recently, human dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with mRNA encoding a broad range of tumor antigens have proven to be potent activators of a primary anti-tumor-specific T-cell response in vitro. The aim of this study was to improve the mRNA pulsing of murine DC. Compared to a standard lipofection protocol and passive pulsing, electroporation was, in our hands,(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cells (DC) are the professional antigen-presenting cells of the immune system, fully equipped to prime naive T cells and thus essential components for cancer immunotherapy. METHODS We tested the influence of several elements (cPPT, trip, WPRE, SIN) on the transduction efficiency of human DC. Human and murine DC were transduced with(More)
Ex vivo lentivirally transduced dendritic cells (DC) have been described to induce CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell responses against various tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) in vitro and in vivo. We report here that direct administration of ovalbumin (OVA) encoding lentiviral vectors caused in vivo transduction of cells that were found in draining lymph nodes (LNs)(More)
As demonstrated in several preclinical models, bispecific Abs are attractive immunotherapeutic agents for tumor treatment. We have previously reported that a bacterially produced anti-CD3 x antitumor bispecific single chain variable fragment of Ab fragment (BsscFv), which is capable of retargeting CTLs toward BCL1 tumor cells, exhibits antitumor activity in(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) have been described as an important hurdle for immunotherapy. Engagement of glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor-related protein (GITR) has emerged recently as an important mechanism to control the suppression of CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg. Furthermore, it has been documented extensively that GITR ligation is costimulatory for(More)
This report summarizes our experimental data concerning the use of bispecific antibodies (bsAb) for the treatment of the murine BCL1 B cell lymphoma model. Initially we used a hybrid-hybridoma-derived bsAb with specificity for the TcR/CD3 complex on T cells and the idiotype of the membrane-bound IgM on the tumor cells. The bsAb used as a single agent could(More)
The use of tumor antigen-loaded dendritic cells (DC) is one of the most promising approaches to inducing a tumor-specific immune response. We compared electroporation of mRNA to lentiviral transduction for the delivery of tumor antigens to human monocyte-derived and murine bone marrow-derived DC. Both lentiviral transduction and mRNA electroporation induced(More)
It has been postulated that low-level interleukin (IL)-12 production of antigen-presenting cells is associated with the risk of developing atopic asthma. To study the relationship between IL-12 production capacity of dendritic cells (DCs) and development of T helper type 2 (Th2) responses in the lung, we genetically engineered DCs to constutively(More)
It has been extensively documented that murine dendritic cells loaded with tumor-associated Ag (TAA)-derived peptides or protein can prime Ag-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T cells in vivo and can elicit Ag-specific immunity. Optimal presentation of TAA might be achieved by retroviral transduction of DCs allowing long term and stable expression of the TAA-peptides(More)