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The 2C DNA content and base composition of five Pinus (2 n=24) species and two Pinus subspecies from the Balkan region have been estimated by flow cytometry. P. heldreichii (five populations) and P. peuce (one population) were assessed for the first time, as also were subspecies of P. nigra (three populations-two of subspecies nigra and one of subspecies(More)
A novel procedure for calculating base-pair frequencies in whole genomes is reported. This has been developed during a study of the role of heterochromatin in microevolution. Closely related species of the Crepis praemorsa complex have similar karyotypes but for their heterochromatin. The changes in relative AT frequency between species have been attributed(More)
Four South American and two European species of Hypochoeris (Asteraceae) were studied using fluorochrome banding, and genome size was determined by flow cytometry, in order to obtain information about microevolution in this genus and about its primary origin. Fluorochrome banding patterns showed GC-rich repeated sequences, particularly around the nucleolar(More)
Sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITSs) of 18S-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA were used to resolve phylogenetic relationships and chromosomal evolution among 14 species of the genus Hypochaeris (Asteraceae). Parsimony analysis was performed for phylogenetic reconstruction, and sequence divergence between species was estimated. Pairwise sequence(More)
The chromosome organization among 15 wild diploid Coffea species and cultivated tetraploid C. arabica was determined by fluorochrome banding (CMA, DAPI) and double fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) of 5S and 18S rDNA achieved on the same chromosome plates. Two to five chromosome pairs (plus one putative chromosome B) are marked. Overall, there are(More)
Eight taxa of the genus Bellevalia (Hyacinthaceae) occurring in Greece, all with basic chromosome number x = 4, were cytologically studied using classical and molecular-cytogenetic techniques [fluorochrome banding with chromomycin A3, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes of 18S–5.8S–26S and 5S ribosomal RNA genes]. Two of the examined taxa(More)
Subgenus Tridentatae (Artemisia, Asteraceae) can be considered a polyploid complex. Both polyploidy and hybridization have been documented in the Tridentatae. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and fluorochrome banding were used to detect and analyze ribosomal DNA changes linked to polyploidization in this group by studying four diploid-polyploid(More)
Paleoendemic species of the monophyletic genus Ramonda (R. myconi, R. serbica and R.~nathaliae) are the remnants of the Tertiary tropical and subtropical flora in Europe. They are the rare resurrection plants of Northern Hemisphere temperate zone. Ramonda serbica and R. nathaliae are chorologically differentiated in the Balkan Peninsula and occupy similar(More)
Plant genome size evolution is a very dynamic process: the ancestral genome of angiosperms was initially most likely small, which led to a tendency towards genome increase during evolution. However, findings in several angiosperm lineages demonstrate mechanisms that also led to genome size contraction. Recent molecular investigations on the Asteraceae genus(More)