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Eight taxa of the genus Bellevalia (Hyacinthaceae) occurring in Greece, all with basic chromosome number x = 4, were cytologically studied using classical and molecular-cytogenetic techniques [fluorochrome banding with chromomycin A3, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes of 18S–5.8S–26S and 5S ribosomal RNA genes]. Two of the examined taxa(More)
Two plant genome size databases have been recently updated and/or extended: the Plant DNA C-values database (http://data.kew.org/cvalues), and GSAD, the Genome Size in Asteraceae database (http://www.asteraceaegenomesize.com). While the first provides information on nuclear DNA contents across land plants and some algal groups, the second is focused on one(More)
Paleoendemic species of the monophyletic genus Ramonda (R. myconi, R. serbica and R.~nathaliae) are the remnants of the Tertiary tropical and subtropical flora in Europe. They are the rare resurrection plants of Northern Hemisphere temperate zone. Ramonda serbica and R. nathaliae are chorologically differentiated in the Balkan Peninsula and occupy similar(More)
This work focuses on the representatives of genus Echinops (Asteraceae, Cardueae) in the Aegean and Balkan regions, from the perspective of their genome evolution. Chromosome numbers were determined by orcein staining in 14 populations of nine taxa, and DNA contents were assessed by flow cytometry in 24 populations of nine taxa. A molecular phylogeny based(More)
Belonging to the genus Cenchrus with 16–22 species, Cenchrus ciliaris L. (syn. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link, buffelgrass) is a perennial, common in warmer regions of both hemispheres, growing as a C4 grass in a wide range of habitats. In the present study we determined chromosome number and nuclear DNA content (2C DNA) for 28 natural populations collected(More)
Habitats on ultramafic substrate present a hostile environment for plant development. We aimed to determine whether any particular range of genome size is favoured in such habitats. Genome sizes of natural serpentinophyte populations were estimated using propidium iodide cytometry and compared with published data by phylogeny paired t-tests with plants from(More)
The genome size of eight species from different wild Algerian populations of diploid and one tetraploid Medicago L., initially analysed for chromosome numbers and seed storage proteins, has been assessed by flow cytometry. Genome size ranged from 2C = 0.94 pg in Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal. to 2C = 1.80 pg in Medicago laciniata (L.) Miller. The(More)
Despite being an important target of conservation concern and horticultural interest, Lebanese irises yet have a confusing taxonomic history and species' delimitation is often considered problematic, more especially among royal irises (Iris section Oncocyclus). Indeed, these irises of exceptionally large and spectacular flowers have radiated across Caucasus(More)
We carried out the first cytogenetic characterisation of Mediterranean species of Juniperus (Cupressaceae); to date, nuclear DNA amount and chromosome numbers were known, but a fine karyotype analysis had been only done in three eastern Asian taxa. We performed chromomycin A3 banding, for the first time in the family, and fluorescent in situ hybridisation(More)
Molecular cytogenetics and the study of genome size have been used to understand evolutionary and systematic relationships in many species. However, this approach has seldom been applied to alpine plants. A group of dysploid–polyploid high mountain Artemisia species, distributed from the European Sierra Nevada to Central Asian mountains, through the(More)