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Eight taxa of the genus Bellevalia (Hyacinthaceae) occurring in Greece, all with basic chromosome number x = 4, were cytologically studied using classical and molecular-cytogenetic techniques [fluorochrome banding with chromomycin A3, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using probes of 18S–5.8S–26S and 5S ribosomal RNA genes]. Two of the examined taxa(More)
Two plant genome size databases have been recently updated and/or extended: the Plant DNA C-values database (http://data.kew.org/cvalues), and GSAD, the Genome Size in Asteraceae database (http://www.asteraceaegenomesize.com). While the first provides information on nuclear DNA contents across land plants and some algal groups, the second is focused on one(More)
Belonging to the genus Cenchrus with 16–22 species, Cenchrus ciliaris L. (syn. Pennisetum ciliare (L.) Link, buffelgrass) is a perennial, common in warmer regions of both hemispheres, growing as a C4 grass in a wide range of habitats. In the present study we determined chromosome number and nuclear DNA content (2C DNA) for 28 natural populations collected(More)
Molecular cytogenetics and the study of genome size have been used to understand evolutionary and systematic relationships in many species. However, this approach has seldom been applied to alpine plants. A group of dysploid–polyploid high mountain Artemisia species, distributed from the European Sierra Nevada to Central Asian mountains, through the(More)
The genome size of eight species from different wild Algerian populations of diploid and one tetraploid Medicago L., initially analysed for chromosome numbers and seed storage proteins, has been assessed by flow cytometry. Genome size ranged from 2C = 0.94 pg in Medicago orbicularis (L.) Bartal. to 2C = 1.80 pg in Medicago laciniata (L.) Miller. The(More)
Three European representatives of the genus Fraxinus were studied for the first time for their rDNA and heterochromatin patterns. The physical mapping of two rRNA gene families 5S and 18S–5.8S–26S (45S) and the distributional pattern of GC-rich regions in the chromosomes have been established by means of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and(More)
The Buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L., Poaceae) is one of the most important pasturage grasses due to its high productivity and good forage qualities. This species possess a high adaptability to bioclimatic constraints of arid zones and may be used for the restoration of degraded arid ecosystems. Tunisian populations present three ploidy levels (4x, 5x and(More)
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