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The bacterial diversity in two uranium waste piles was studied. Total DNA was recovered from a large number of soil samples collected from different sites and depths in the piles using two procedures for direct lysis. Significant differences in the bacterial composition of the samples were revealed by the use of rep-APD, RISA and 16S ARDREA. The 16S rDNA(More)
Bacterial diversity was assessed in water samples collected from several uranium mining wastes in Ger many and in the United States by using 16S rDNA and ribosomal intergenic spacer amplification retrievals. The results obtained using the 16S rDNA retrieval showed that the samples collected from the uranium mill tailings of Schlema/Alberoda, Germany, were(More)
Uranium mining waste piles, heavily polluted with radionuclides and other toxic metals, are a reservoir for bacteria that have evolved special strategies to survive in these extreme environments. Understanding the mechanisms of bacterial adaptation may enable the development of novel bioremediation strategies and other technological applications. Cell(More)
This work is the completion of a series of reports describing the nitrogen-fixing bacterial symbionts of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L., Leguminosae) and providing the grounds for their proposal as a new taxon. The introduction summarizes a large amount of previous evidence gathered on the physiology, genetics and ecology of such organisms, which have in(More)
The presence of actinides in radioactive wastes is of major concern because of their potential for migration from the waste repositories and long-term contamination of the environment. Studies have been and are being made on inorganic processes affecting the migration of radionuclides from these repositories to the environment but it is becoming(More)
This work describes the mechanisms of uranium biomineralization at acidic conditions by Bacillus sphaericus JG-7B and Sphingomonas sp. S15-S1 both recovered from extreme environments. The U-bacterial interaction experiments were performed at low pH values (2.0-4.5) where the uranium aqueous speciation is dominated by highly mobile uranyl ions. X-ray(More)
A 130-nucleotide-long rRNA species corresponding to the 5' end of the 23S rRNA gene was found in 96 strains belonging to different Rhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Agrobacterium species. Additional fragmentation in the central region of the large-subunit rRNA occurred in all agrobacteria, except Agrobacterium vitis, and in most Rhizobium leguminosarum and(More)
The surface layer (S-layer) protein genes of the uranium mining waste pile isolate Bacillus sphaericus JG-A12 and of its relative B. sphaericus NCTC 9602 were analysed. The almost identical N-termini of the two S-layer proteins possess a unique structure, comprising three N-terminal S-layer homologous (SLH) domains. The central parts of the proteins share a(More)
Bacillus sphaericus JG-A12 is a natural isolate recovered from a uranium mining waste pile near the town of Johanngeorgenstadt in Saxony, Germany. The cells of this strain are enveloped by a highly ordered crystalline proteinaceous surface layer (S-layer) possessing an ability to bind uranium and other heavy metals. Purified and recrystallized S-layer(More)
We demonstrated that the representatives of the family Rhizobiaceae possess, instead of one single 23S rRNA molecule, three different sets of 23S-like rRNA fragments with sizes of about: 135 b and 2.6 kb (set 1); 135 b, 400 b, and 2.2 kb (set 2); 135 b and two molecules of about 1.3 kb (set 3). In two of the fragmentations, intervening sequences--IVS I and(More)