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alpha1-Acid glycoprotein was isolated in the homogeneous state from the plasma of 33 normal individuals and subjected to analytical isoelectric focusing before and after treatment with neuraminidase. The native glycoprotein preparations, resolved into 6 to 8 bands, were quantitated and grouped into two classes according to the patterns obtained: One class(More)
The unstable catalase variant found in the blood of individuals homozygous for Swiss-type acatalasemia and the enzyme species present in heterozygous carriers of this rare defect have been further characterized. The mutant enzyme isolated from acatalasemic red cells is considerably more heat labile and differs in electrophoretic mobility from the normal(More)
Multiple molecular forms contribute to various types of enzyme heterogeneity: "Iso(en)-zymes" and "Allozymes" (enzyme variants) are of genetic origin whereas "Metazymes" represent secondary modifications of epigenetic nature. The concept of variability originates from the discovery of a large number of enzyme variants. Structural gene mutations can lead to(More)
UDP-galactose: N-acetylglucosamine galactosyltransferase was isolated from pooled human milk, pooled amniotic fluid and from two different individual samples of malignant ascites. The purification procedure involving two successive affinity chromatography steps on N-acetylglucosamine--agarose and alpha-lactalbumin--agarose yielded an enzyme preparation(More)
Zwischen der Tetramer- und der Dimer-Form der Erythrocyten-Katalase besteht ein Gleichgewicht. Dieses lässt sich in vitro durch Variation der Harnstoffkonzentration beliebig verschieben. Das dabei entstehende Dimer zeigt Peroxidase-, nicht aber Katalase-Aktivität. Bei der Reassoziation, deren Geschwindigkeit sich durch andere Proteine beeinflussen lässt,(More)
To investigate the importance of catalase as a protecting enzyme against oxidative damage in phagocytic leukocytes, we have tested the functional capacity of neutrophils from two individuals homozygous for Swiss-type acatalasemia and from two individuals heterozygous for this deficiency. In the former cells, 25-30% of residual activity of catalase was(More)
Properties of leukocyte catalase from individuals heterozygous and homozygous for Swiss type acatalasemia were found to differ from those of the normal enzyme as well as interindividually in regard to heat stability and electrophoretic mobility. Molecular hybridization is discussed as a possible explanation for the presence of intermediate catalase species.(More)