Sonja Luetjen

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Toxoplasma gondii forms different life stages, fast-replicating tachyzoites and slow-growing bradyzoites, in mammalian hosts. CD8 T cells are of crucial importance in toxoplasmosis, but it is unknown which parasite stage is recognized by CD8 T cells. To analyze stage-specific CD8 T cell responses, we generated various recombinant Toxoplasma gondii(More)
Immunity to Toxoplasma gondii critically depends on TNFR type I-mediated immune reactions, but the precise role of the individual ligands of TNFR1, TNF and lymphotoxin-alpha (LTalpha), is still unknown. Upon oral infection with T. gondii, TNF(-/-), LTalpha(-/-), and TNF/LTalpha(-/-) mice failed to control intracerebral T. gondii and succumbed to an acute(More)
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, yet there is little mechanistic information available in the literature. To improve this, laboratory models for cigarette mainstream smoke (MS) inhalation-induced chronic disease development are needed. The current study investigated the effects of exposing male(More)
Toxoplasma gondii induces a persistent central nervous system infection, which may be lethally reactivated in AIDS patients with low CD4 T-cell numbers. To analyze the role of CD4 T cells for the regulation of parasite-specific CD8 T cells, mice were infected with transgenic T. gondii expressing the CD8 T-cell antigen beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal).(More)
To analyze the role of interleukin-10 (IL-10) in bacterial cerebral infections, we studied cerebral listeriosis in IL-10-deficient (IL-10(-/-)) and wild-type (WT) mice, the latter of which express high levels of IL-10 in both primary and secondary cerebral listeriosis. IL-10(-/-) mice succumbed to primary as well as secondary listeriosis, whereas WT mice(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite causing asymptomatic, persistent encephalitis. Protective CD4 and CD8 T cells are recruited to and accumulate in the brain in acute Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE), with slowly decreasing numbers in chronic TE. It is unclear how the size of the intracerebral T cell pool is regulated. Conceivably, permanent recruitment,(More)
Cerebral listeriosis is a life-threatening disease. However, little is known about the bacterial virulence factors responsible for the severe course of disease and the factors of the immune system contributing to the control of Listeria monocytogenes (LM) or even to the damage of the brain. To analyze the importance of the actA gene of LM, which mediates(More)
Under various inflammatory conditions, cell adhesion molecules are up-regulated in the central nervous system (CNS) and may contribute to the recruitment of leukocytes to the brain. In the present study, the functional role of vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in Toxoplasma encephalitis (TE) was addressed using VCAM(flox/flox MxCre) mice. Neonatal(More)
Listeria monocytogenes may infect the central nervous system and several peripheral organs. To explore the function of IL-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1) in cerebral versus systemic listeriosis, IL-1R1(-/-) and wild-type mice were infected either intracerebrally or intraperitoneally with L. monocytogenes. After intracerebral infection with various numbers of(More)