Sonja I. Schmidt

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The melatonin metabolite N1-acetyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AMK) was found to be unstable in air when adsorbed on a thin-layer silica gel chromatography plate, a result that is in good agreement with the relatively high reactivity of this compound. Three novel main products were separated from the reaction mixture and identified by mass spectrometry and nuclear(More)
Twenty-seven strains of Leishmania infantum from north and central Tunisia belonging to the three main MON zymodemes (the MON-typing system is based on multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) of 15 enzymes) found in this country (MON-1, MON-24 and MON-80) and representing different pathologies (visceral, cutaneous and canine leishmaniasis) have been(More)
Nitrogen relations of natural and disturbed tropical plant communities in northern Australia (Kakadu National Park) were studied. Plant and soil N characteristics suggested that differences in N source utilisation occur at community and species level. Leaf and xylem sap N concentrations of plants in different communities were correlated with the(More)
Sustainable intensification is seen as the main route for meeting the world's increasing demands for food and fibre. As demands mount for greater efficiency in the use of resources to achieve this goal, so the focus on roots and rootstocks and their role in acquiring water and nutrients, and overcoming pests and pathogens, is increasing. The purpose of this(More)
Eph receptors are a unique family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) that play critical roles in embryonic patterning, neuronal targeting, and vascular development during embryogenesis. In adults, Eph RTKs and their ligands, the ephrins, are frequently overexpressed in a variety of cancers and tumor cell lines, including breast, prostate, non-small cell(More)
A large number of herbaceous and woody plants from tropical woodland, savanna, and monsoon forest were analysed to determine the impact of environmental factors (nutrient and water availability, fire) and biological factors (microbial associations, systematics) on plant δ15N values. Foliar δ15N values of herbaceous and woody species were not related to(More)
Although there has been speculation that cluster roots play a role in plant nitrogen (N) acquisition there have been few experimental studies, demonstrating this. We grew the subtropical wet heathland plant Hakea actities in sand and in axenic vermiculite-sand cultures to investigate its use of different N sources. Seedlings produced greater quantities of(More)
Soil respiration represents the second largest CO2 flux from terrestrial ecosystems to the atmosphere, and a small rise could significantly contribute to further increase in atmospheric CO2. Unfortunately, the extent of this effect cannot be quantified reliably, and the outcomes of experiments designed to study soil respiration remain notoriously(More)
Protozoa of the Leishmania genus cause a variety of disease forms that rank at the top of the list of neglected tropical diseases. Anti-leishmanial drugs based on pentavalent antimony have been the mainstay of therapy for over 60 years and resistance against them is increasingly encountered in the field. The biochemical basis for this is poorly understood(More)
We investigated interacting effects of matric potential and soil strength on root elongation of maize and lupin, and relations between root elongation rates and the length of bare (hairless) root apex. Root elongation rates and the length of bare root apex were determined for maize and lupin seedlings in sandy loam soil of various matric potentials (−0.01(More)