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In the present paper we describe 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) as a potent, selective and systemically active antagonist for the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5). At the human mGlu5a receptor expressed in recombinant cells, MPEP completely inhibited quisqualate-stimulated phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis with an IC50 value of(More)
Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase implicated in Parkinson's disease, promotes degradation of dysfunctional mitochondria by autophagy. Using proteomic and cellular approaches, we show that upon translocation to mitochondria, Parkin activates the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) for widespread degradation of outer membrane proteins. This is evidenced by an(More)
We have cloned the human ionotropic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor GluR3 flip splice variant (hGluR3i) and developed a stable cell line expressing this receptor in HEK293 cells. Electrophysiological recordings demonstrated that glutamate-evoked currents desensitize rapidly, with a mean desensitization time constant(More)
Cell lines expressing the human metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5a (hmGluR5a) and hmGluR1b were used as targets in an automated high-throughput screening (HTS) system that measures changes in intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) using fluorescence detection. This functional screen was used to identify the mGluR5-selective antagonist, SIB-1757(More)
Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are thought to modulate neurotoxicity of excitatory amino acids, via mechanisms of presynaptic inhibition, such as regulation of neurotransmitter release. Here, we describe (R,S)-4-phosphonophenylglycine (PPG) as a novel, potent, and selective agonist for group III mGluRs. In recombinant cell lines(More)
Many long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) affect gene expression, but the mechanisms by which they act are still largely unknown. One of the best-studied lncRNAs is Xist, which is required for transcriptional silencing of one X chromosome during development in female mammals. Despite extensive efforts to define the mechanism of Xist-mediated transcriptional(More)
Human cDNAs encoding N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor type (NMDAR)1A, NMDAR2A and NMDAR2B subunits were cloned and receptors encoded by these cDNAs were functionally expressed by injection of the respective mRNAs in Xenopus oocytes. The pharmacological properties of recombinant human N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors were characterized by profiling two(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is responsible for nearly 3 million human deaths worldwide every year. Understanding the mechanisms and bacterial factors responsible for the ability of M. tuberculosis to cause disease in humans is critical for the development of improved treatment strategies. Many bacterial pathogens use pili as adherence factors to colonize the(More)
The modular SCF (Skp1, cullin, and F box) ubiquitin ligases feature a large family of F box protein substrate receptors that enable recognition of diverse targets. However, how the repertoire of SCF complexes is sustained remains unclear. Real-time measurements of formation and disassembly indicate that SCF(Fbxw7) is extraordinarily stable, but, in the(More)
We have isolated and characterized overlapping cDNAs that encode two isoforms of the human metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (hmGluR5). The deduced amino acid sequences of human and rat mGluR5a are 94.5% identical. However, a region in the putative cytoplasmic domain (SER926-ALA1121) displays significant sequence divergence. Genomic analysis of this(More)