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Amino acid analysis of autopsied human brain showed reduced glutathione (GSH) content significantly lower in the substantia nigra than in other brain regions. GSH was virtually absent in the nigra of patients with Parkinson's disease. Oxidative degradation of L-DOPA and dopamine in vivo may generate reactive oxygen species (hydrogen peroxide, superoxide,(More)
A form of dominantly inherited olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) occurs commonly in persons of Spanish ancestry in northeastern Cuba. Its prevalence in the Province of Holguin is 41 per 100,000, a figure much higher than that found in western Cuba or in other parts of the world. The high prevalence is probably the result of a founder effect, but might be(More)
BACKGROUND In 2011, seventeen years after the first national study on the prevalence of nosocomial infections and antibiotic use in German hospitals, a second national prevalence study was carried out according to the specifications of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). METHODS The ECDC protocol, containing uniform surveillance(More)
The present experiments characterized the impairment in pup retrieval previously observed in maternal rats following dopamine-depleting 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) infusions in the ventral striatum. Video recordings of 30-min pup retrieval tests revealed that 6-OHDA mothers spent most of the time feeding (Experiment 1). Denying the mothers the opportunity to(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that an interference with dopamine (DA) transmission disrupts maternal behavior in the rat. The present brain microdialysis study was therefore conducted to investigate whether infants can modulate ventral striatal DA release in mother rats. There was a significant rise in the extracellular concentrations DA,(More)
Concentrations of glutamic acid have been reported to be elevated in fasting plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); glycine concentrations have also been reported to be increased in the CSF of such patients. Autopsy studies have shown glutamate contents to be significantly decreased in brain and spinal(More)
Repeated dietary consumption of the neurotoxic amino acid beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA), found in the seeds of Cycas circinalis, has been postulated as causing both amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and the parkinsonism-dementia syndrome (PD) that were formerly very prevalent among the indigenous people of the Marianas Islands. Cynomolgus monkeys(More)
Contents of 35 amino acids and related compounds were measured in whole rat brain, and in superficial areas of biopsied and autopsied human brain, after incubation for various intervals at temperatures simulating those likely to occur in cadavers under mortuary conditions. These data should aid interpretation of values for amino compounds determined in(More)
Amino acid contents were measured in autopsied brains of eight patients with the sporadic form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and in brains of control subjects dying without neurologic or psychiatric disease. Glutamic acid content was reduced in most brain regions and in the cervical cord in the ALS patients, while glutamine contents were normal.(More)
The outbreak database (http://www.outbreak-database.com), containing 1561 records of nosocomial outbreaks published in the medical literature in a systematic format, was used to identify the most frequent outbreak sources for the entire database as well as for specific outbreak pathogens. Overall, in 37.1%, no source was identified. The main sources(More)