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It is now commonly accepted that planning and execution of movements are based on distributed processing by neuronal populations in motor cortical areas. It is less clear, though, how these populations organize dynamically to cope with the momentary computational demands. Simultaneously recorded activities of neurons in the primary motor cortex of monkeys(More)
In earlier studies we developed the 'Unitary Events' analysis (Grün S. Unitary Joint-Events in Multiple-Neuron Spiking Activity: Detection, Significance and Interpretation. Reihe Physik, Band 60. Thun, Frankfurt/Main: Verlag Harri Deutsch, 1996.) to detect the presence of conspicuous spike coincidences in multiple single unit recordings and to evaluate(More)
The local field potential (LFP) reflects activity of many neurons in the vicinity of the recording electrode and is therefore useful for studying local network dynamics. Much of the nature of the LFP is, however, still unknown. There are, for instance, contradicting reports on the spatial extent of the region generating the LFP. Here, we use a detailed(More)
It has been proposed that cortical neurons organize dynamically into functional groups (cell assemblies) by the temporal structure of their joint spiking activity. Here, we describe a novel method to detect conspicuous patterns of coincident joint spike activity among simultaneously recorded single neurons. The statistical significance of these unitary(More)
When inspecting visual scenes, primates perform on average four saccadic eye movements per second, which implies that scene segmentation, feature binding, and identification of image components is accomplished in <200 ms. Thus individual neurons can contribute only a small number of discharges for these complex computations, suggesting that information is(More)
Stationary spiking of single neurons is often modelled by a renewal point process. Here, we tested the underlying model assumption that the inter-spike intervals are mutually independent by analyzing stationary spike train recordings from individual rat neocortical neurons in vivo and in vitro. All neurons exhibited moderate (in vivo) or weak (in vitro)(More)
Local field potentials (LFPs) are of growing importance in neurophysiological investigations. LFPs supplement action potential recordings by indexing activity relevant to EEG, magnetoencephalographic, and hemodynamic (fMRI) signals. Recent reports suggest that LFPs reflect activity within very small domains of several hundred micrometers. We examined this(More)
In order to detect members of a functional group (cell assembly) in simultaneously recorded neuronal spiking activity, we adopted the widely used operational definition that membership in a common assembly is expressed in near-simultaneous spike activity. Unitary event analysis, a statistical method to detect the significant occurrence of coincident spiking(More)
During natural vision, primates perform frequent saccadic eye movements, allowing only a narrow time window for processing the visual information at each location. Individual neurons may contribute only with a few spikes to the visual processing during each fixation, suggesting precise spike timing as a relevant mechanism for information processing. We(More)