Sonja E. Stutzman

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BACKGROUND Subjective scoring of pupil reactivity is a fundamental element of the neurological examination for which the pupillometer provides an objective measure. METHODS This single-blinded observational study examined interrater reliability of pupil exam findings between two practitioners and between practitioners and a pupillometer. RESULTS From(More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the inter-device reliability of NPi-100 pupillometers (NeuroOptics, Inc.). The pupillary examination is a fundamental element of the neurological exam. Current evidence suggests that the traditional examination of the pupil with a hand held flashlight has limited inter-rater reliability. Automated pupillometers were(More)
Nurses caring for patients with acute stroke are likely to administer both music and medication with therapeutic intent. The administration of medication is based on accumulated scientific evidence and tailored to the needs of each patient. However, the therapeutic use of music is generally based on good intentions and anecdotal evidence. This review(More)
Emergency departments are high-stress environments for patients and clinicians. As part of the clinical team, nurses experience this stress daily and are subject to high levels of burnout, which has been shown to lead to hypertension, depression, and anxiety. Presence of these diseases may also contribute to burnout, creating a cycle of stress and illness.(More)
BACKGROUND Dysphagia screening is oftentimes a focus of hospitalized patients, but dysphagia can also occur in outpatient settings. Dysphagia can be overlooked by nurses and clinicians, and it is therefore important to educate nurses on the importance of dysphagia screenings. METHODS This was a randomized prospective pilot study to compare the effect of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Statin use may be associated with improved outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage patients. However, the topic remains controversial. Our analysis examined the effect of prior, continued, or new statin use on intracerebral hemorrhage outcomes using the ERICH (Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage) data set. METHODS We(More)
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is often obtained via external ventricular drain (EVD) placement and is discussed as a key vital sign in neuroscience. Nurses are most often delegated the task of observing, adjudicating, and documenting ICP. Cerebrospinal fluid drainage requires that the transducer connected to the EVD is open to drain, prohibiting ICP(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that nurses would benefit from the fellowship model traditionally used to engage physicians in clinical research. The Neuroscience Nursing Research Center (NNRC) fellowship program was created as a model for engaging nurses at all levels of clinical practice to become active in clinical research. BACKGROUND The NNRC was(More)
PURPOSE On arrival to the postanesthesia care unit (PACU), patients are observed closely for significant neurological status changes. In particular, patients require frequent neurological examinations, which include assessment of the pupils for changes and/or abnormalities. DESIGN This is a prospective, nonrandomized, observational study to examine the(More)