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The occurrence and distribution of tropane and biogenetically related pyrrolidine alkaloids in 18 Merremia species of paleo-, neo-, and pantropical occurrence have been studied. The extensive GC-MS study included members of almost all sections of the genus and has been carried out with epigeal vegetative parts as well as with roots. It comprises altogether… (More)
Two 3alpha-acyloxytropanes with unique monoterpenoic acyl moieties, bonabiline A and its anhydro derivative bonabiline B, have been isolated from the roots of Bonamia spectabilis. Their structures were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analysis. Due to the structural similarity of bonabiline A to atropine/hyoscyamine, the affinity of both bonabilines to… (More)
27 cases with a diagnosis of Juvenile Dermatomyositis were studied from a total of 1307 patients who suffered from connective tissue diseases; 19 of which met the diagnosis criteria of Bohan and Peters. Females were the most frequently affected. 52.63% of the cases presented the first symptoms between 5 and 9 years of age. Skin lesions, debility in inferior… (More)
The stereochemistry of consabatine, which was isolated from the roots of Convolvulus sabatius Viv. as a novel natural compound, has now been determined by the synthesis of its Mosher esters. Consabatine was found to be 1'R-configurated.
A comprehensive GC-MS analysis of 8 Ipomoea species belonging to the subgenus Quamoclit, section Mina revealed that the members of this taxon form combinations of two necine bases with rare necic acids resulting in unique pyrrolizidine alkaloids. The occurrence and diversity of these metabolites show remarkable variations: Some species, especially Ipomoea… (More)
Convolvulaceae provide a rich source of tropane alkaloids, however, 2-substituted tropanes have been described for only few species of this taxon. In this note, 2,7-diesters such as ipvelutine [7β-acetoxy-2α-(tigloyloxy)tropane] isolated from the vegetative parts of the Australian Ipomoea velutina R. BR. are described as a new group of tropane diesters.