Learn More
Staging methodologies are an essential tool in the assessment of disease severity in progressive dementing illness. Several different instruments have been developed for this purpose. One of the most widely used methodologies is the Global Deterioration Scale/Functional Assessment Staging (GDS/FAST) system. This system has been studied extensively and(More)
A clinician should not rely entirely upon a caregiver's report regarding behavioral pathology when planning a treatment strategy. Direct observational evaluation instruments as well as caregiver-based assessments are necessary. A new scale for the empirical (observational) evaluation of behavioral symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias,(More)
The Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer's Disease Rating Scale (BEHAVE-AD) is a well-established instrument, designed to assess potentially remediable behavioral symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients as well as to evaluate treatment outcome. It consists of 25 symptoms grouped into seven categories. Each symptom is scored on the basis of severity on a(More)
Much has been learned about the clinical symptomatology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and ontogenic reciprocal relationships in the past few decades. It is now possible to describe and verify inexorable symptomatic sequences and corresponding temporal relationships. It is also possible to identify more variable symptoms in AD. Ontogenic models can be useful(More)
We investigated the reliability, using a telephone interview procedure, of cognitive, functional, and behavioral scales in an elderly population with normal aging and dementia. Two clinicians performed the assessments: one performed the assessments in a telephone interview format and the other conducted the assessments at the clinic. The telephone interview(More)
Behavioral disturbances in dementia are some of the most burden-some features with which the caregivers must cope. These symptoms are particularly important because they are likely to be responsive to both pharmacological and nonpharmacological intervention strategies. Before the 1980s, rating scales for patients suffering from dementia did not separate(More)
OBJECTIVE Traditional mental status and psychometric assessments bottom out in the late stages of Alzheimer disease (AD). A method adapted from cognitive testing in infants, the Ordinal Scales of Psychological Development was modified (M-OSPD) and applied to a severely demented population. The concurrent validity of this method was tested in comparison with(More)
BACKGROUND General relationships between dotage and infancy and childhood have been acknowledged for more than two millennia. Recent findings indicate precise relationships between functional, praxic, and feeding changes in the course of the degenerative dementia of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and inverse corresponding developmental sequences. Similar inverse(More)