Sonja Žerjav

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BACKGROUND It is becoming increasingly clear that, during successful highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a proportion of treated patients develop opportunistic infections (OIs), referred to in this setting as immune restoration disease (IRD). We examined the risk of developing IRD in HAART-treated HIV-infected patients. METHODS A retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the prevalence of HIV or HCV in injecting drug users (IDUs) in Serbia and Montenegro. We measured prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV), and risk factors for anti-HCV, in community-recruited IDUs in Belgrade and Podgorica, and determined the performance of a parallel rapid HIV testing(More)
In 614 HBsAg-positive Yugoslavian patients, radioimmunoassay testing for anti-delta showed the presence of this antibody in serum in 11.2%. Of the patients, 213 belonged to a risk group (i.v. drug users, hemophiliacs, hemodialysed patients and patients with posttransfusion hepatitis); a significant number of these patients (63; 29.6%) were found to have(More)
AIM To investigate the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes in Serbia and Montenegro and their influence on some clinical characteristics in patients with chronic HCV infection. METHODS A total of 164 patients was investigated. Complete history, route of infection, assessment of alcohol consumption, an abdominal ultrasound, standard biochemical(More)
Blood samples from 190 patients that were anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive were genotyped and 165 were found to contain HCV–RNA. Genotyping was performed by PCR based on type-specific primers (117 isolates) and LiPA test (48 isolates) and verifying by sequencing. In Serbia, the most frequent genotype was 1b (49.1%), followed by genotype 3 (21.2%) and(More)
A study of one case of herpes simplex hepatitis in an adult woman is presented. The clinical feature and laboratory findings were typical for acute hepatitis in a febrile patient without herpetic mucocutaneous lesions. The evidence of high IgM antibody titer in serum against herpes simplex virus and confirmation of the herpes simplex virus hepatitis by(More)
While HAART allows for the reconstitution of immune functions in most treated HIV patients, discrepant responses including failure to achieve a significant increase in circulating CD4+ T cells despite undetectable plasma viral loads (pVL), or a good immunological response while not reaching undetectable viremia, may occur. Thus, to evaluate the incidence of(More)
A prospective study to evaluate the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) as an immune restoration disease in patients with AIDS during highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was conducted in a series of 115 patients diagnosed with AIDS initiated on HAART between 1 January 2000 and 31 July 2001. Of these, a single dermatomal HZ episode occurred in 14 (12%)(More)
To gain insight concerning the genetic diversity of HIV-1 viruses associated with the HIV-1 epidemic in Yugoslavia, 45 specimens from HIV-1-infected individuals were classified into subtypes by sequence-based phylogenetic analysis of the polymerase (pol) region of the viral genome. Forty-one of 45 specimens (91.2%) were identified as pol subtype B, 2 of 45(More)
In Serbia, the first cases of HIV infection were reported in 1985, whereas antiretroviral (ARV) therapy has been in use since 1987. With this study we aimed to assess the occurrence and pattern of HIV resistance mutations among newly diagnosed patients in the period 2002-2011. The study prospectively included 181 adult patients. Genotypic HIV-1 drug(More)