Sonia Y Bernal

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GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor agonists stimulate feeding following microinjection into the nucleus accumbens shell and ventral tegmental area, effects blocked selectively and respectively by GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor antagonists. GABA antagonists also differentially alter opioid-induced feeding responses elicited from these sites. Although GABA agonists(More)
Systemic administration of dopamine D1 (SCH23390) and less so D2 (raclopride) receptor antagonists significantly reduce acquisition and expression of fructose-conditioned flavor preferences (CFP). Because dopamine in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcS) is implicated in food reward, the present study examined whether NAcS D1 or D2 antagonists altered(More)
Previous research has indicated the importance of sex in mediating the larger magnitude of mu-opioid receptor agonist-induced analgesia in male relative to female rodents. Whereas manipulations involving the adult activational effects of gonadal hormones minimally alter these analgesic sex differences, manipulations involving neonatal organizational effects(More)
In our prior studies, systemic administration of the opioid receptor antagonist naltrexone (NTX) did not block flavor preference conditioning by the sweet taste or post-oral actions of sugar despite reducing intake. Because opioid signaling in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) is implicated in food reward, this study determined if NTX administered into the NAc(More)
Systemic administration of dopamine D1-like (SCH23390) and, to a lesser degree D2-like (raclopride), receptor antagonists significantly reduce the acquisition and expression of fructose-conditioned flavor preferences (CFP) in rats. Given the role of dopamine in the amygdala (AMY) in the processing and learning of food reward, the present study examined(More)
In prior studies, systemic opioid receptor antagonism with naltrexone (NTX) failed to block flavor preference conditioning by the sweet taste or post-oral actions of sugar despite reducing overall flavored saccharin intake. Further, NTX microinjections into the nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell or core failed to alter the expression of preferences conditioned(More)
Male rodents displayed greater magnitudes of analgesia following systemic, ventricular, and intracerebral administration of mu-opioid receptor agonists than female rodents. Whereas neonatal castration of male rat pups produced reductions in systemic and central morphine analgesia as adults, neonatal androgenization of female rat pups treated with(More)
Male rodents display greater systemic morphine antinociception than females which show their most marked effects during late diestrus or proestrus. Morphine (1-2.5 mug) antinociception on the tail-flick test elicited from the ventrolateral periaqueductal gray was examined across estrus phases in female relative to male rats. Morphine antinociception was(More)
The attraction to sugar-rich foods is influenced by conditioned flavor preferences (CFP) produced by the sweet taste of sugar (flavor-flavor learning) and the sugar's post-oral actions (flavor-nutrient) learning. Brain dopamine (DA) circuits are involved in both types of flavor learning, but to different degrees. This study investigated the role of DA(More)
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