Sonia Simonetti

Learn More
We studied 23 patients with clinically defined mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS), 25 oligosymptomatic or asymptomatic maternal relatives, and 50 mitochondrial disease control subjects for the presence of a previously reported heteroplasmic point mutation at nt 3,243 in the transfer RNA(Leu(UUR)) gene of(More)
Using quantitative PCR, we have determined that a human oocyte contains approximately 100,000 mitochondrial genomes (mtDNAs). We have also found that some oocytes harbor measurable levels (up to 0.1%) of the so-called common deletion, an mtDNA molecule containing a 4,977-bp rearrangement that is present in high amounts in many patients with "sporadic"(More)
X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare disease with defective renal and extrarenal arginine-vaso-pressin V2 receptor responses due to mutations in the AVPR2 gene in Xq28. We analyzed 31 independent NDI families to determine the nature and recurrence of AVPR2 mutations. Twenty-one new putative disease-causing mutations were identified:(More)
We have developed a quantitative PCR technique to measure the amount of a specific mitochondrial DNA deletion (delta mtDNA), the so-called 'common deletion', in human tissues. Using this method, we estimate that there is a 10,000-fold increase in this delta mtDNA species in muscle during the course of the normal human lifespan. The maximum amount of common(More)
A bioptic specimen from the muscles of a patient suffering from severe myopathy was inspected for the presence of human porin 31HL. Western blotting suggested that the specimen was free of the most abundant eukaryotic porin 31HL (HVDAC1). The specimen was treated with detergent and the soluble protein fraction was passed through a dry hydroxyapatite column.(More)
Since there has been no reported use of the YAG laser to micromanipulate oocytes, our purpose was to study whether (1) a YAG laser could be used to open the zona pellucida of hamster oocytes; (2) human sperm could reach the ooplasm and (3) under sperm penetration assay conditions, sperm would bind and penetrate the ooplasm. A YAG 100 laser was used at 10 W(More)
The ultracytochemical localization of adenylate cyclase (AC) was studied after stimulation with pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) in human sweat glands. PACAP stimulated AC in both eccrine and apocrine glands. In the secretory cells, enzymatic activity was associated with membranes involved in the secretory mechanism. In both glands,(More)
The ultracytochemical localization of adenylate cyclase (AC) was studied after stimulation with pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) in human sweat glands. PACAP stimulated AC in both eccrine and apocrine glands. In the secretory cells, enzymatic activity was associated with membranes involved in the secretory mechanism. In both glands,(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF), the ligand of c-kit, is a key cytokine for hematopoiesis. Hematopoietic precursors express c-kit, whereas differentiated cells of hematopoietic lineage are negative for this receptor, with the exception of NK cells, mast cells, and a few others. While it has long been recognized that dendritic cells (DCs) can express c-kit, several(More)