Sonia Schoonbroodt

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Inhibition of specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) is an attractive noncytotoxic approach to cancer therapy. MMP-14, a membrane-bound zinc endopeptidase, has been proposed to play a central role in tumor growth, invasion, and neovascularization. Besides cleaving matrix proteins, MMP-14 activates proMMP-2 leading to an amplification of pericellular(More)
While intracellular redox balance is tightly controlled in many cell types, its modification leads to important cellular changes derived, in part, from a modification of the pattern of gene expression. This modification relies on many transcription factors whose activities are either increased or reduced by a disbalance of the redox environment. Among these(More)
The well-known Rel/NF-kappaB family of vertebrate transcription factors comprises a number of structurally related, interacting proteins that bind DNA as dimers and whose activity is regulated by subcellular location. This family includes many members (p50, p52, RelA, RelB, c-Rel, ...), most of which can form DNA-binding homo- or hetero-dimers. All Rel(More)
We previously reported that the role of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) in NF-kappaB activation by proinflammatory cytokines was cell specific. However, the sources for ROIs in various cell types are yet to be determined and might include 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) and NADPH oxidase. 5-LOX and 5-LOX activating protein (FLAP) are coexpressed in lymphoid(More)
Cells lacking an intact ATM gene are hypersensitive to ionizing radiation and show multiple defects in the cell cycle-coupled checkpoints. DNA damage usually triggers cell cycle arrest through, among other things, the activation of p53. Another DNA-damage responsive factor is NF-kappaB. It is activated by various stress situations, including oxidative(More)
Activation of transcription factor NF-kappa B involves the signal-dependent degradation of basally phosphorylated inhibitors such as I kappa B alpha. In response to proinflammatory cytokines or mitogens, the transduction machinery has recently been characterized, but the activation mechanism upon oxidative stress remains unknown. In the present work, we(More)
The varicella-zoster virus (VZV) open reading frame 62 encodes an immediate-early protein (IE62) that transactivates expression of various VZV promoters and autoregulates its own expression in transient expression assays. In Vero cells, IE62 was shown to transactivate the expression of all putative immediate-early (IE) and early (E) genes of VZV with an(More)
Double-stimulation was used to demonstrate that, in a T lymphocytic cell line (CEM), phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) rapidly induced NF-kappa B through a signaling pathway which did not involve reactive oxygen species (ROS) and was different from the activation triggered by either H2O2 or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Since these latter compounds(More)
Combinatorial libraries of rearranged hypervariable V(H) and V(L) sequences from nonimmunized human donors contain antigen specificities, including anti-self reactivities, created by random pairing of V(H)s and V(L)s. Somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes, however, is critical in the generation of high-affinity antibodies in vivo and occurs only(More)
Previous studies have implicated acetylases and deacetylases in regulating the transcriptional activity of NF-kappa B. Here, we show that inhibitors of deacetylases such as trichostatin A (TSA) and sodium butyrate (NaBut) potentiated TNF-induced expression of several natural NF-kappa B-driven promoters. This transcriptional synergism observed between TNF(More)