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Brown adipose tissue (BAT) and skeletal muscle are important sites of nonshivering thermogenesis. The uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) is the main effector of nonshivering thermogenesis in BAT and the recently described ubiquitous UCP2 [1] has been implicated in energy balance. In an attempt to better understand the biochemical events underlying nonshivering(More)
The control of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2) mRNA expression in rat brown adipose tissue (BAT), heart and skeletal muscles was examined. Cold exposure (48 h) increased UCP2 mRNA in BAT, heart and soleus muscle by 2.4-, 4.3- and 2.6-fold, respectively. Fasting (48 h) had no effect on UCP2 mRNA expression neither in BAT nor in heart, but markedly increased it(More)
The mRNA expressions of UCP2 and UCP3, two newly described genes with high sequence homology to the uncoupling protein UCP1 in brown adipose tissue (BAT), were examined in two skeletal muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus) as well as in interscapular BAT (IBAT) of the rat in response to food deprivation and controlled refeeding. In IBAT (a tissue highly(More)
Exon amplification has been applied to a 2.5 Mb region of chromosome 21 that has been associated with some features of Down syndrome (DS). Identification of the majority of genes from this region will facilitate the correlation of the over-expression of particular genes with specific phenotypes of DS. Over 100 gene fragments have been isolated from this 2.5(More)
Catch-up growth is a risk factor for later obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. We show here that after growth arrest by semistarvation, rats refed the same amount of a low-fat diet as controls show 1) lower energy expenditure due to diminished thermogenesis that favors accelerated fat deposition or catch-up fat and 2) normal glucose(More)
During the past few years, there have been two major developments, if not revolutions, in the field of energy balance and weight regulation. The first at the molecular level, which was catalysed by developments in DNA screening technology together with the mapping of the human genome, has been the tremendous advances made in the identification of molecules(More)
Studies of starvation and refeeding have implicated the genes coding for uncoupling protein-3 and -2 (UCP3, UCP2) as candidate genes in the regulation of lipids as metabolic fuels in skeletal muscle. To gain insight into the role of free fatty acid (FFA) flux in regulating the expression of these muscle UCP homologues, we recently reported that, in response(More)
Uncoupling proteins 3 and 2 (UCP3 and UCP2) are two newly cloned genes that have been implicated in the regulation of lipids as fuel substrate in skeletal muscle on the basis that their mRNA expressions are upregulated during starvation (when fat stores are being rapidly mobilized) and downregulated during the early phase of refeeding (when fat stores are(More)
We have investigated the effect of 24-h fasting on basal proton leak and uncoupling protein (UCP) 3 expression at the protein level in subsarcolemmal and intermyofibrillar skeletal muscle mitochondria. In fed rats, the two mitochondrial populations displayed different proton leak, but the same protein content of UCP3. In addition, 24-h fasting, both at 24(More)
A new member of the uncoupling protein (UCP) family called UCP3 has recently been cloned and shown to be highly expressed in skeletal muscle of rodents and humans. In the present study, UCP3 was overexpressed in C2C12 myoblasts where it acts as an uncoupling protein. Changes in UCP3 mRNA expression were examined in rodent muscles under conditions known to(More)