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Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) are α-ketoglutarate (αKG)-dependent dioxygenases that function as cellular oxygen sensors. However, PHD activity also depends on factors other than oxygen, especially αKG, a key metabolic compound closely linked to amino-acid metabolism. We examined the connection between amino-acid availability and(More)
PHD1 belongs to the family of prolyl-4-hydroxylases (PHDs) that is responsible for posttranslational modification of prolines on specific target proteins. Because PHD activity is sensitive to oxygen levels and certain byproducts of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, PHDs act as sensors of the cell's metabolic state. Here, we identify PHD1 as a critical molecular(More)
Tumour hypoxia plays a pivotal role in cancer therapy for most therapeutic approaches from radiotherapy to immunotherapy. The detailed and accurate knowledge of the oxygen distribution in a tumour is necessary in order to determine the right treatment strategy. Still, due to the limited spatial and temporal resolution of imaging methods as well as lacking(More)
The SIN3A-HDAC complex deacetylates histones thereby repressing gene transcription. Here we describe family with sequence similarity 60A (FAM60A), a cell cycle-regulated protein that binds to the SIN3-HDAC complex. FAM60A expression peaks during G(1) and S phases of the cell cycle in U2OS cells, in a manner similar to the G(1) regulator cyclin D1, which is(More)
HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) is the main transcription factor activated by low oxygen tensions. HIF-1α (and other α subunits) is tightly controlled mostly at the protein level, through the concerted action of a class of enzymes called PHDs (prolyl hydroxylases) 1, 2 and 3. Most of the knowledge of HIF derives from studies following hypoxic stress;(More)
Mammals have developed evolutionarily conserved programs of transcriptional response to hypoxia and inflammation. These stimuli commonly occur together in vivo and there is significant crosstalk between the transcription factors that are classically understood to respond to either hypoxia or inflammation. This crosstalk can be used to modulate the overall(More)
Hypoxia and inflammation are intimately linked. It is known that nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) regulates the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) system, but little is known about how HIF regulates NF-κB. Here, we show that HIF-1α represses NF-κB-dependent gene expression. HIF-1α depletion results in increased NF-κB transcriptional activity both in mammalian cells(More)
Hypoxia, or low oxygen availability, is an important physiological and pathological stimulus for multicellular organisms. Molecularly, hypoxia activates a transcriptional programme directed at restoration of oxygen homoeostasis and cellular survival. In mammalian cells, hypoxia not only activates the HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) family, but also(More)
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a master regulator of the cellular response to hypoxia. Its levels and activity are controlled by dioxygenases called prolyl-hydroxylases and factor inhibiting HIF (FIH). To activate genes, HIF has to access sequences in DNA that are integrated in chromatin. It is known that the chromatin-remodeling complex(More)
Background: Pifithrin-α is a small molecule inhibitor of p53 transcriptional activity. It has been proposed that the use of pifithrin-α in conjunction with chemotherapeutic and radiation therapies for cancer will reduce the side effects of these treatments in normal tissue that still contains wild type p53. In addition, pifithrin-α provides a useful tool in(More)