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Paracentesis-induced circulatory dysfunction (PICD) is a recently described complication that can be prevented with the administration of plasma expanders. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of saline versus albumin in the prevention of PICD. Patients were randomized to receive albumin or saline after total paracentesis. Patients readmitted(More)
UNLABELLED Bacterial infections and severity of associated inflammatory reaction influence prognosis in patients with advanced cirrhosis. We compared the innate immune response to bacterial DNA (bactDNA) translocation with that caused by viable bacteria translocation in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and the relationship between the(More)
The current pathogenic theory of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with cirrhosis and ascites suggests that repeated episodes of bacterial translocation (BT) from intestinal lumen to mesenteric lymph nodes followed by systemic seeding are the key steps for the final development of infectious events. However, most of the episodes of(More)
INTRODUCTION The prevalence of C282Y homozygosity in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) has been reported to be markedly lower in the Mediterranean Basin than in northern Europe. In Spain, the available data are contradictory and limited to small series in specific regions. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of the 2 main(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of death in patients with cirrhosis and its current situation in Spain is not well known. Therefore, a national registry was created to assess the characteristics of patients with de novo HCC. PATIENTS AND METHOD Between 1/10/2008 and 31/1/2009, 62 centers reported the baseline(More)
BACKGROUND Accuracy of the most frequently used tests for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding of peptic origin is determined. METHODS Seventy-eight patients with endoscopically-proven upper gastrointestinal bleeding of peptic origin were included. The presence of H. pylori was considered when observed(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The dysfunction of the intestinal barrier is a factor that has been related to bacterial translocation from lumen to extra-intestinal sites and consequently to the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. The aim of this study was to investigate if the alterations of the intestinal barrier in cirrhosis are related with the degree of(More)
Bacterial DNA (bactDNA) is present in blood and ascitic fluid (AF) in a third of patients with cirrhosis and ascites, but whether this phenomenon represents episodes of bacterial translocation (BT), strictly considered when culture of mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) are positive, remains unknown. This study assessed the relationship between bactDNA detection(More)
UNLABELLED We tested the hypothesis that the presence of bacterial DNA (bactDNA) in ascitic fluid and serum is associated with decreased survival in patients with cirrhosis. In a prospective, multicenter study, we analyzed the clinical evolution of 156 patients with cirrhosis and ascites (first or recurrence) with lower than 250 polymorphonuclear cells(More)