Learn More
Defective expression of Fas leads to B cell autoimmunity, indicating the importance of this apoptotic pathway in eliminating autoreactive B cells. However, B cells with anti-self specificities occasionally escape such regulation in individuals with intact Fas, suggesting ways of precluding this apoptosis. Here, we examine whether coligation of the B cell Ag(More)
Leukocytosis is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk in humans and develops in hypercholesterolemic atherosclerotic animal models. Leukocytosis is associated with the proliferation of hematopoietic stem and multipotential progenitor cells (HSPCs) in mice with deficiencies of the cholesterol efflux-promoting ABC transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1(More)
Because matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play roles in inflammatory tissue injury, we asked whether MMP secretion by gastric epithelial cells may contribute to gastric injury in response to signals involved in Helicobacter pylori-induced inflammation and/or cyclooxygenase inhibition. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and epidermal(More)
Because the mechanisms of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric injury are incompletely understood, we examined the hypothesis that H. pylori induces matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) secretion, with potential to disrupt gastric stroma. We further tested the role of CagA, an H. pylori virulence factor, in MMP-1 secretion. Co-incubation of AGS cells with(More)
We examined the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) production by mitogen-activated protein kinases and cyclooxygenases (COXs) in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSCs). IL-1beta and TNF-alpha stimulated FLSC extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation as well as MMP-1 and -13 release. Pharmacologic inhibitors of ERK inhibited MMP-1, but(More)
The impact of BCR:CD21 co-engagement on B cell expression of molecules critical for T cell activation was investigated with receptor-specific mAbs conjugated to high MW dextran as stimulatory ligands. In the absence of IL-4, BCR:CD21 co-ligation augmented BCR-triggered CD86 only under conditions of very low BCR ligand dose or affinity, and CD80 was(More)
Previous studies have shown that mice with defects in cellular cholesterol efflux show hematopoietic stem cell (HSPC) and myeloid proliferation, contributing to atherogenesis. We hypothesized that the combination of hypercholesterolemia and defective cholesterol efflux would promote HSPC expansion and leukocytosis more prominently than either alone. We(More)
1 Nabumetone is a prodrug that is converted in vivo into 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid (6MNA), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor with anti-inflammatory properties. We tested the effects of nabumetone and 6MNA on the inflammatory responses of synovial fibroblasts (SFs). 2 Brief exposures to 6MNA (50-150 microm) had no effect on IL-1beta/TNF-alpha (each 20 ng(More)
OBJECTIVE We previously demonstrated that subjects with functional ATP-binding cassette (ABC) A1 mutations have increased atherosclerosis, which has been attributed to the role of ABCA1 in reverse cholesterol transport. More recently, a proinflammatory effect of Abca1 deficiency was shown in mice, potentially contributing to atherogenesis. In this study, we(More)