Johanna Campbell2
Virginia Appleyard2
2Johanna Campbell
2Virginia Appleyard
2Nicholas J. Westwood
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  • Sonia Lain, Jonathan J. Hollick, Johanna Campbell, Oliver D. Staples, Maureen Higgins, Mustapha Aoubala +12 others
  • 2008
We have carried out a cell-based screen aimed at discovering small molecules that activate p53 and have the potential to decrease tumor growth. Here, we describe one of our hit compounds, tenovin-1, along with a more water-soluble analog, tenovin-6. Via a yeast genetic screen, biochemical assays, and target validation studies in mammalian cells, we show(More)
p53-Based cyclotherapy is proving to be a promising approach to palliate undesired effects of chemotherapy in patients with tumours carrying p53 mutations. For example, pre-treatment of cell cultures with Nutlin-3, a highly-selective inhibitor of the p53-mdm2 interaction, has been successfully used as a cytostatic agent to protect normal cells, but not(More)
BACKGROUND A common event in the development of human neoplasia is the inactivation of a damage-inducible cell-cycle checkpoint pathway regulated by p53. One approach to the restoration of this pathway is to mimic the activity of key downstream effectors. The cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) inhibitor p21(WAF1) is one such molecule, as it is a major mediator(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor plays key regulatory roles in various fundamental biological processes, including development, ageing and cell differentiation. It is therefore known as " the guardian of the genome " and is currently the most extensively studied protein worldwide. Besides members of the biomedical community, who view p53 as a promising target for(More)
Tenovin-6 (Tnv-6) is a bioactive small molecule with anti-neoplastic activity. Inhibition of the Sirtuin class of protein deacetylases with activation of p53 function is associated with the pro-apoptotic effects of Tnv-6 in many tumors. Here, we demonstrate that in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells, Tnv-6 causes non-genotoxic cytotoxicity, without(More)
The search for potent and selective sirtuin inhibitors continues as chemical tools of this type are of use in helping to assign the function of this interesting class of deacetylases. Here we describe SAR studies starting from the unselective sirtuin inhibitor tenovin-6. These studies identify a sub-micromolar inhibitor that has increased selectivity for(More)
The small-molecule MDM2 antagonist nutlin-3 has proved to be an effective p53 activating therapeutic compound in several preclinical cancer models, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We and others have previously reported a vigorous acetylation of the p53 protein by nutlin-treatment. In this study we aimed to investigate the functional role of this p53(More)
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