Sonia K. Anderle

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Further investigation of the biological properties of streptococcal cells and their components has produced a model of erosive synovitis in rats. A single intraperitoneal injection of an aqueous suspension of whole cell sonicate of group A streptococci into Sprague-Dawley rats induced an acute arthritis which evolved into a prolonged inflammatory process(More)
Intravenous injection of toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) produced by Staphylococcus aureus, can reactivate arthritis in a rat ankle joint that has been previously inflamed by injection of peptidoglycanpolysaccharide polymers isolated from the cell walls of group A streptococci. The severity and chronicity of this renewed arthritis is dose dependent(More)
Peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-PS) fragments were purified from cell walls of group D streptococci (Streptococcus faecium, strains ATCC 9790 and F-24) with a protocol which minimizes autolytic activity and tested for ability to induce arthritis in rats. PG-PS fragments from cell walls of other normal flora bacteria (Peptostreptococcus productus, and(More)
A specific interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) was used to examine the roles of IL-1 in an experimental model designed to analyze the reactivation phase of erosive arthritis, induced in rats with peptidoglycan-polysaccharide polymers (PG-APS) isolated from cell walls of group A streptococci. Monoarticular arthritis was initiated by injection(More)
Gene therapy may provide an effective alternative to conventional approaches for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Direct in vivo gene delivery to synovium has a distinct advantage with respect to clinical use. To date, retroviral vectors are the best studied constructs for gene delivery, and almost all approved gene therapy trials in humans rely on retroviral(More)
A hemorrhage into gut-associated lymphoid tissue developed as early as 3 min after the intravenous injection of group A streptococcal peptidoglycan-polysaccharide polymers into rats. Extravasated erythrocytes were specifically located in the lamina propria and organized lymphoid follicles of the intestines and mesenteric lymph nodes and did not occur in the(More)
Mild hypoproliferative anemia with abnormal iron metabolism frequently accompanies chronic inflammation and infection in humans. To determine whether anemia is associated with chronic relapsing arthritis induced by bacterial cell wall polymers, serial determinations of the hematocrit were measured in rats injected intraperitoneally with sonicated(More)
The intraperitoneal injection of peptidoglycan-carbohydrate fragments from Group A streptococci produces a chronic, polyarticular, erosive synovitis in rats. The cell wall material accumulates rapidly in the liver, spleen, and lymph nodes, where it causes little injury. At the same time, selective localization and persistence of the material in the synovial(More)
The covalently bound polymers of peptidoglycan and group-specific polysaccharide (PG-APS) were isolated from the cell walls of group A streptococci. Arthritis was induced in rats with a single intraperitoneal injection of an aqueous suspension of PG-APS fragments derived by sonication. The joint lesions induced with this polydisperse suspension followed a(More)