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Intravenous injection of toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) produced by Staphylococcus aureus, can reactivate arthritis in a rat ankle joint that has been previously inflamed by injection of peptidoglycanpolysaccharide polymers isolated from the cell walls of group A streptococci. The severity and chronicity of this renewed arthritis is dose dependent(More)
Further investigation of the biological properties of streptococcal cells and their components has produced a model of erosive synovitis in rats. A single intraperitoneal injection of an aqueous suspension of whole cell sonicate of group A streptococci into Sprague-Dawley rats induced an acute arthritis which evolved into a prolonged inflammatory process(More)
Restoration of the impaired balance between pro- and antiinflammatory cytokines should provide effective treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Gene therapy has been proposed as an approach for delivery of therapeutic proteins to arthritic joints. Here, we examined the efficacy of antiinflammatory gene therapy in bacterial cell wall-induced arthritis in rats.(More)
Peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-PS) fragments were purified from cell walls of group D streptococci (Streptococcus faecium, strains ATCC 9790 and F-24) with a protocol which minimizes autolytic activity and tested for ability to induce arthritis in rats. PG-PS fragments from cell walls of other normal flora bacteria (Peptostreptococcus productus, and(More)
A specific interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) was used to examine the roles of IL-1 in an experimental model designed to analyze the reactivation phase of erosive arthritis, induced in rats with peptidoglycan-polysaccharide polymers (PG-APS) isolated from cell walls of group A streptococci. Monoarticular arthritis was initiated by injection(More)
Daily cultures of blood obtained from the tail were made on mice from the 7th day to the 17th or 22nd days after exposure to 550 r total body x-irradiation. Seven mice with negative blood cultures survived to the 27th day when they were sacrificed and found to have negative heart's blood cultures. Every mouse with bacteremia died. Heart's blood cultures(More)
We have developed sensitive and specific solid-phase radioimmunoassays to quantitate the distribution and persistence of bacterial antigen in rats developing arthritis in response to a single injection of streptococcal cell wall material. Three separate assays were specific for either the A polysaccharide (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine), A-variant polysaccharide(More)
The covalently bound polymers of peptidoglycan and group-specific polysaccharide (PG-APS) were isolated from the cell walls of group A streptococci. Arthritis was induced in rats with a single intraperitoneal injection of an aqueous suspension of PG-APS fragments derived by sonication. The joint lesions induced with this polydisperse suspension followed a(More)
Experimental arthritis developed in rats injected intraperitoneally with aqueous suspensions of peptidoglycan-polysaccharide complexes (PG-APS) isolated from group A streptococcal cell walls. Reduction of serum complement by pretreatment with cobra venom factor (COV) reduced acute joint inflammation over the first 3 days following injection of PG-APs.(More)