Sonia Fieulaine

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Carbon catabolite repression allows bacteria to rapidly alter the expression of catabolic genes in response to the availability of metabolizable carbon sources. In Bacillus subtilis, this phenomenon is controlled by the HPr kinase (HprK) that catalyzes ATP-dependent phosphorylation of either HPr (histidine containing protein) or Crh (catabolite repression(More)
HPr kinase/phosphatase (HprK/P) is a key regulatory enzyme controlling carbon metabolism in Gram- positive bacteria. It catalyses the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of Ser46 in HPr, a protein of the phosphotransferase system, and also its dephosphorylation. HprK/P is unrelated to eukaryotic protein kinases, but contains the Walker motif A characteristic of(More)
In most Gram-positive bacteria, serine-46-phosphorylated HPr (P-Ser-HPr) controls the expression of numerous catabolic genes ( approximately 10% of their genome) by acting as catabolite corepressor. HPr kinase/phosphorylase (HprK/P), the bifunctional sensor enzyme for catabolite repression, phosphorylates HPr, a phosphocarrier protein of the(More)
Sucrose-phosphatase (SPP) catalyzes the final step in the pathway of sucrose biosynthesis in both plants and cyanobacteria, and the SPPs from these two groups of organisms are closely related. We have crystallized the enzyme from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 and determined its crystal structure alone and in complex with various ligands. The(More)
The oligomeric bifunctional HPr kinase/P-Ser-HPr phosphatase (HprK/P) regulates many metabolic functions in Gram-positive bacteria by phosphorylating the phosphocarrier protein HPr at Ser46. We isolated Lactobacillus casei hprK alleles encoding mutant HprK/Ps exhibiting strongly reduced phosphatase, but almost normal kinase activity. Two mutations affected(More)
N-terminal protein modifications correspond to the first modifications which in principle any protein may undergo, before translation is completed by the ribosome. This class of essential modifications can have different nature or function and be catalyzed by a variety of dedicated enzymes. Here, we review the current state of the major N-terminal(More)
In most Gram-positive bacteria, catabolite repression is mediated by a bifunctional enzyme, the histidine-containing protein kinase/phosphatase (HprK/P). Based either on its primary sequence or on its recently solved three-dimensional structure, no straightforward homology with other known proteins was found. However, we showed here that HprK/P exhibits a(More)
Peptide deformylase (PDF) inhibitors have a strong potential to be used as a new class of antibiotics. However, recent studies have shown that the mitochondria of most eukaryotes, including humans, contain an essential PDF, PDF1A. The crystal structure of the Arabidopsis thaliana PDF1A (AtPDF1A), considered representative of PDF1As in general, has been(More)
HPr kinase/phosphorylase (HprK/P) controls the phosphorylation state of the phosphocarrier protein HPr and regulates the utilization of carbon sources by Gram-positive bacteria. It catalyzes both the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of Ser-46 of HPr and its dephosphorylation by phosphorolysis. The latter reaction uses inorganic phosphate as substrate and(More)