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The DNA thrombin aptamer has been extensively investigated, and the coupling of this aptamer to different transduction principles has demonstrated the wide applicability of aptamers as bioreceptors in bioanalytical assays. The goal of this work was to design an aptamer-based sandwich assay with electrochemical detection for thrombin analysis in complex(More)
The development of a RNA-aptamer-based optical biosensor (aptasensor) for C-reactive protein (CRP) is reported. CRP is an important clinical biomarker; it was the first acute-phase protein to be discovered (1930) and is a sensitive systemic marker of inflammation and tissue damage. It has also a prognostic value for patients with acute coronary syndrome.(More)
Aptamer-based assays represent a modern and attractive approach in bioanalytical chemistry. The DNA thrombin aptamer has been extensively investigated, and the coupling of this aptamer to different transduction principles has demonstrated the wide applicability of aptamers as bioreceptors in bioanalytical assays. The goal of this work was to critically(More)
Different assay formats based on the coupling of magnetic beads with electrochemical transduction were compared here for the detection of thrombin by using a thrombin specific aptamer. By using the thrombin-binding aptamer, a direct and an indirect competitive assay for thrombin have been developed by immobilising the aptamer or the protein, respectively.(More)
Chitosan is a linear chain polysaccharide comprising glucosamine and N -acetyl glucosamine residues joined together by β -1,4-glycosidic bonds. It is derived as an acids-soluble material by deacetylation of chitin, which is commonly found in the outer skeleton of crustaceans and in the cell walls of fungi. A variety of fundamental properties such as(More)
Results and perspectives on the biomedical exploitation of gold nanorods with plasmon resonances in the near infrared window are reported. The authors describe experimental studies of laser-activated nanoparticles in the direct welding of connective tissues, which may become a valuable technology in biomedicine. In particular, colloidal gold nanorods(More)
A comparison of two electrochemical immunosensing strategies for PCBs detection, based on the use of two different solid phases, is here discussed. In both cases, carbon-based screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) are used as transducers in a direct competitive immunoassay scheme, where PCBs in solution compete with the tracer PCB28-alkaline phosphatase (AP)(More)
In this review, the current status of research in electrochemical immunosensors is considered. We primarily focus on label-free and enzyme-labeled immunosensors, and the analytical capabilities of these devices are discussed. Moreover, the use of magnetic beads as new materials for immunosensors coupled with electrochemical sensing is also described,(More)
BACKGROUND The interest for gold nanorods in biomedical optics is driven by their intense absorbance of near infrared light, their biocompatibility and their potential to reach tumors after systemic administration. Examples of applications include the photoacoustic imaging and the photothermal ablation of cancer. In spite of great current efforts, the(More)
An electrochemical immunosensor for polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) detection based on graphite screen-printed low-density arrays and on magnetic beads is reported. The immunological reaction for the detection of PCBs is based on a direct competitive assay using alkaline phosphatase (AP) as enzymatic label. After the immunochemical recognition, the modified(More)