Sonia Brault

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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive molecule involved in inflammation, immunity, wound healing, and neoplasia. Its pleiotropic actions arise presumably by interaction with their cell surface G protein-coupled receptors. Herein, the presence of the specific nuclear lysophosphatidic acid receptor-1 (LPA1R) was revealed in unstimulated porcine cerebral(More)
In hypertension, increased peripheral vascular resistance results from vascular dysfunction with or without structural changes (vessel wall remodeling and/or microvascular rarefaction). Humans with lower birth weight exhibit evidence of vascular dysfunction. The current studies were undertaken to investigate whether in utero programming of hypertension is(More)
BACKGROUND Intravitreal neovascular diseases, as in ischemic retinopathies, are a major cause of blindness. Because inflammatory mechanisms influence vitreal neovascularization and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 promotes tumor angiogenesis, we investigated the role of COX-2 in ischemic proliferative retinopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS We describe here that COX-2 is(More)
F2-isoprostanes (F2-IsoP's) are biologically active prostanoids formed by free radical-mediated peroxidation of arachidonic acid. Four different F2-IsoP regioisomers (5-, 8-, 12-, and 15-series), each comprising eight racemic diastereomers, total 64 compounds. Information regarding the biological activity of IsoP's is largely limited to 15-F2t-IsoP(More)
Stimulation of freshly isolated rat hepatocytes with lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) resulted in LPA1 receptor-mediated and nitricoxide-dependent up-regulation of the immediate early genes iNOS (inducible nitric-oxide synthase (NOS)) and mPGES-1 (microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1). Because LPA is a ligand for both cell surface and intracellular receptor(More)
Nitrative stress has an important role in microvascular degeneration leading to ischemia in conditions such as diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity. Thus far, mediators of nitrative stress have been poorly characterized. We recently described that trans-arachidonic acids are major products of NO2•-mediated isomerization of arachidonic acid(More)
IL-1 is a major proinflammatory cytokine which interacts with the IL-1 receptor I (IL-1RI) complex, composed of IL-1RI and IL-1R accessory protein subunits. Currently available strategies to counter pathological IL-1 signaling rely on a recombinant IL-1 receptor antagonist, which directly competes with IL-1 for its binding site. Presently, there are no(More)
Oxidant stress plays a significant role in hypoxic-ischemic injury to the susceptible microvascular endothelial cells. During oxidant stress, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) concentrations increase. We explored whether LPA caused cytotoxicity to neuromicrovascular cells and the potential mechanisms thereof. LPA caused a dose-dependent death of porcine cerebral(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Free radical-induced peroxidation is an important factor in the genesis of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, including that of the preterm infant. Isoprostanes are major peroxidation products. Since microvascular dysfunction seems to contribute to ischemic encephalopathies, we studied the cytotoxicity of 8-iso-prostaglandin F2alpha(More)
Thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) is an important lipid mediator generated during oxidative stress and implicated in ischemic neural injury. This autacoid was recently shown to partake in this injury process by directly inducing endothelial cytotoxicity. We explored the mechanisms for this TXA(2)-evoked neural microvascular endothelial cell death. Stable TXA(2)(More)