Sonia A Wolfe-Coote

Learn More
BACKGROUND Our previous studies on the Chacma baboon revealed that the most striking difference between islets of the ventral and dorsal regions of the pancreas was their content of A and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) cells with A cells predominating in the tail and PP cells in the uncinate and head. Cells displaying dual immunoreactivity for both glucagon(More)
BACKGROUND Primates reared in captivity may display stereotypic behaviors. These behaviors are arguably reminiscent of human obsessive-compulsive or posttraumatic symptoms, which respond to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Captive primates with marked stereotypic behaviors were entered into a randomized controlled study of the SSRI,(More)
High-fat feeding reduces the expression of GLUT-2 and the glycolytic enzyme glucokinase (GK). The transcription factor, pancreatic duodenal homeobox-1 (Pdx-1), is important for beta-cell maintenance. The aim of the present study was to determine, in weanling Wistar rats, the effect of a maternal high-fat diet (HFD) during defined periods of gestation and(More)
Immunocytochemical procedures at ultrastructural and light microscopy level revealed, in the Chacma baboon endocrine pancreas, cells which were immunoreactive for glucagon and pancreatic polypeptide (PP). Some D cells were observed to contain secretory granules with both the appearance and immunoreactivity of A cell secretory granules.
Prenatal stress or glucocorticoid administration has persisting "programming" effects on offspring in rodents and other model species. Multiple doses of glucocorticoids are in widespread use in obstetric practice. To examine the clinical relevance of glucocorticoid programming, we gave 50, 120, or 200 microg/kg/d of dexamethasone (dex50, dex120, or dex200)(More)
Biopsies of the pancreas head, tail, and uncinate regions of four baboons were processed for immunocytochemical (ICC) studies by using avidin-biotin-peroxidase label for light microscopy (LM). Toluidine-blue- or methylene-blue-stained 0.5-micron sections of nonosmicated resin-embedded tissue were viewed to locate areas of suitable islets. For ICC(More)
An investigation into the development of the Vervet monkey endocrine pancreas revealed a sequence of occurrence of pancreatic peptides that differed from previous reports in mice, dog and human with PP and somatostatin occurring before glucagon and insulin. All four pancreatic peptides were identified, immunohistochemically, in only one of the pancreatic(More)
Although pancreatic beta-cells are capable of adapting their mass in response to insulin requirements, evidence has shown that a dietary insult could compromise this ability. Fetal malnutrition has been linked to low birth weight and the development of type 2 diabetes later in life, while reduced beta-cell mass has been reported in adult rats fed a high-fat(More)
Using immunolabelling techniques, characterization of the Vervet monkey pancreas included a study of both its development and its structure and normal functioning in the adult. We found that PP and somatostatin occurred during development before glucagon. Insulin and all four pancreatic peptides occurred in one of the primordial buds prior to fusion. These(More)
In the course of investigating the signals associated with pancreas regeneration, we have developed a method to initiate pancreatic duct cell proliferation by brief occlusion of the main pancreatic duct. The resulting duct cell proliferation, induced by temporary partial main duct occlusion, was compared to that induced by firmly tying a cellophane strip(More)