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BACKGROUND Mandibular angle ostectomy (MAO) is commonly used to correct prominent mandibular angles through an intraoral approach. However, limited vision in the operative site may lead to difficulties or complications during surgery. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an effective method for helping surgeons to perform MAO more precisely and safely. (More)
Lithium, popular in psychology field, has been recognized as an activator component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. The effect of lithium on osteogenesis or on the human fracture risk has been widely reported. However, little is known on its role in distraction osteogenesis to date. In this study, the effect of systematic administrated lithium on(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of correction for square jaw with low angle using mandibular "V-line" ostectomy combined with outer cortex ostectomy. STUDY DESIGN From July 2005 to November 2007, 31 patients who had square faces with low angles were treated with mandibular "V-line" ostectomy combined(More)
Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) are major health problems in the increasing elderly population, particularly in postmenopausal women, but their relationship remains unclear. The present study investigated whether alendronate (ALN), a potent inhibitor of bone resorption, could protect articular cartilage from degeneration in a combined animal model(More)
PURPOSE Distraction osteogenesis can be used to correct micrognathia after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. However, there is still some controversy over the proper sequencing of management for the ankylosed patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate a staged treatment of TMJ ankylosis accompanied by micrognathia using(More)
Osteoporosis is a skeletal disorder characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone microarchitecture resulting in bone fragility, which impairs fixation of the implants. Zoledronic acid (ZOL) is a potential inhibitor of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a growth factor that stimulates(More)
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) has been accepted as an effective technique for bone lengthening. However, the long treatment period and possible fibrous union or nonunion hampers its further clinical application. Bone regeneration in DO involves multiple stages of repair and coordinated action of multiple cell types. Consequently, it may be possible to(More)
Distraction osteogenesis (DO), which induces new bone formation along the vector of pull without requiring the use of bone graft, has become a valuable surgical method for patients with limb discrepancy or craniofacial microsomia. However, the long treatment period and possible fibrous union or nonunion hampers its further clinical application. Bone marrow(More)
This study was designed to investigate the effects of strontium-substituted hydroxyapatite coatings with 10 mol% Ca(2+) replaced by Sr(2+) (10% SrHA) on implant fixation in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Coatings of HA and 10% SrHA were prepared on the surface of titanium implant using sol-gel dip methods, and then characterized by Scanning Electron Microscope,(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this study was to investigate cancellous bone response to strontium-doped hydroxyapatite (SrHA) in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. METHODS Hydroxyapatite (HA) and 10%SrHA (HA with 10 mol% calcium substituted by strontium) implants were prepared and characterized by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive microanalysis(More)