Songning Zhang

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PURPOSE The purpose of the study was to investigate changes in lower extremity joint energy absorption for different landing heights and landing techniques. METHODS Nine healthy, active male subjects volunteered to perform step-off landings from three different heights (0.32 m, 2.5 m(-s); 0.62 m, 3.5 m(-s); and 1.03 m, 4.5 m(-s)) using three different(More)
Shock reduction has been well studied in moderate activities such as walking and running. However, there is a clear lack of research concerning shock wave transmission and reduction in more strenuous landing activities. In this study, we examined the impact of shock transmission and reduction in landing activities with varied mechanical demands. Ten active(More)
BACKGROUND Flip-flops and sandals are popular choices of footwear due to their convenience. However, the effects of these types of footwear on lower extremity biomechanics are still poorly understood. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate differences in ground reaction force (GRF), center of pressure (COP) and lower extremity joint(More)
Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) is a common overuse knee injury that is twice as likely to afflict women compared to men. Lower extremity and trunk biomechanics during running, as well as hip abductor strength and iliotibial band flexibility, are factors believed to be associated with ITBS. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine if(More)
Multiple playing surfaces and footwear used in American football warrant a better understanding of relationship between different combinations of turf and footwear. The purpose of this study was to examine effects of shoe and stud types on ground reaction force (GRF) and ankle and knee kinematics of a 180° cut and a single-leg 90° land-cut on synthetic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate biomechanical (kinematic) differences between 2 ankle brace testing protocols: landing on an inverted surface (IS) and inversion drop on an inversion platform. DESIGN Five trials in each of 4 dynamic movement conditions were performed: inversion drop and drop landing from 0.45 m onto an IS without and with an ankle brace. A(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of shoe midsole densities and mechanical demands (landing heights) on impact shock attenuation and lower extremity biomechanics during a landing activity. Nine healthy male college athletes performed 5 trials of step-off landing in each of 9 test conditions, i.e., a combination of landings in shoes of 3(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of elastic compression on muscle strength, electromyographic (EMG), and mechanomyographic (MMG) responses of quadriceps femoris during isometric and isokinetic contractions. Twelve participants performed 5s isometric maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) and 25 consecutive and maximal isokinetic knee(More)
The functions of the medial longitudinal arch have been the focus of much research in recent years. Several studies have shown kinematic differences between high- and low-arched runners. No literature currently compares the inter-segmental foot motion of high- and low-arched recreational athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine inter-segmental(More)
The purpose of this review was to summarize the biomechanical adaptations during stair ambulation that occur after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Articles were identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science. During stair ascent, knee flexion angle at heel strike and walking velocity were reduced in TKA subjects compared to controls. Results of other(More)