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Several inherited syndromes in humans are associated with cancer predisposition. The gene products defective in two of these disorders, BLM (a helicase defective in Bloom's syndrome) and FANC A-N (defective in Fanconi anaemia), associate in a multienzyme complex called BRAFT. How these proteins suppress tumorigenesis remains unclear, although both(More)
Infection with Chlamydia protects mammalian host cells against apoptosis. Hypotheses have been proposed to explain this molecularly, including the up-regulation of host anti-apoptotic proteins such as cellular Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein (IAP) 2 and the Bcl-2 protein Mcl-1. To test for the importance of these proteins, we used mouse embryonic fibroblasts(More)
PARP inhibitors are currently being used in clinical trials to treat BRCA1- or BRCA2-defective tumors, based on the synthetic lethal interaction between PARP1 and BRCA1/2-mediated homologous recombination (HR). However, the molecular mechanisms that drive this synthetic lethality remain unclear. Here, we show increased levels of Mre11, a key component of(More)
Fragile sites are chromosomal loci with a propensity to form gaps or breaks during early mitosis, and their instability is implicated as being causative in certain neurological disorders and cancers. Recent work has demonstrated that the so-called common fragile sites (CFSs) often impair the faithful disjunction of sister chromatids in mitosis. However, the(More)
Multiple mAb to human C-reactive protein (CRP) were prepared which reacted preferentially with either native CRP, modified CRP (expressing "neo-CRP" determinants) or both forms of the molecule. These mAb were divided into four groups according to their binding characteristics to various CRP preparations and CRP peptides by using a combination of ELISA, dot(More)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a Ca2+-binding protein composed of five identical 23-kDa subunits arranged as a cyclic pentamer, present in greatly elevated concentration in the blood during the acute phase of processes involving tissue injury and necrosis. In the present work, it was found that treatment of human CRP with Pronase or Nagarse protease produces(More)
Serum amyloid P component (SAP) was polymerized using the cleavable cross-linker 3,3'-dithio-bis-(sulfo-succinimidylpropionate) to study its interaction with the C system. Dimers and trimers, but no larger oligomers, were observed; the trimers retained native SAP immunoreactivity (except for one calcium-dependent epitope) without displaying neo-SAP(More)
Chlamydiae replicate intracellularly in a vacuole called an inclusion. Chlamydial-infected host cells are protected from mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis, partly due to degradation of BH3-only proteins. The host-cell adapter protein 14-3-3beta can interact with host-cell apoptotic signaling pathways in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. In Chlamydia(More)
Chlamydia are obligate intracellular bacteria that replicate in a vacuole inside a host cell. Chlamydial infection has been shown to protect the host cell against apoptotic stimuli. This is likely important for the ability of Chlamydia to reproduce in human cells. Here we show that resistance to apoptosis is conveyed by the destruction of the proapoptotic(More)