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Stroke is an age-related disease. Recovery after stroke is associated with axonal sprouting in cortex adjacent to the infarct. The molecular program that induces a mature cortical neuron to sprout a new connection after stroke is not known. We selectively isolated neurons that sprout a new connection in cortex after stroke and compared their whole-genome(More)
Stroke produces a limited process of neural repair. Axonal sprouting in cortex adjacent to the infarct is part of this recovery process, but the signal that initiates axonal sprouting is not known. Growth and differentiation factor 10 (GDF10) is induced in peri-infarct neurons in mice, non-human primates and humans. GDF10 promotes axonal outgrowth in vitro(More)
Axon regeneration in the CNS requires reactivating injured neurons' intrinsic growth state and enabling growth in an inhibitory environment. Using an inbred mouse neuronal phenotypic screen, we find that CAST/Ei mouse adult dorsal root ganglion neurons extend axons more on CNS myelin than the other eight strains tested, especially when pre-injured.(More)
Stroke induces axonal sprouting in peri-infarct cortex. A set of growth-associated genes important in axonal sprouting in peripheral nervous system regeneration and cortical development has recently been defined. The expression profiles of these growth-associated genes were defined during the post-stroke axonal sprouting response using a model of stroke in(More)
Aged individuals exhibit reduced functional recovery after stroke. We examined the expression profile in aged animals of a recently identified group of growth-associated genes that underlies post-stroke axonal sprouting in the young adult. Basal levels of most growth-promoting genes are higher in aged cortex compared with young adult, and are further(More)
Aged individuals experience the highest rate of stroke and have less functional recovery, but do not have larger infarcts. We hypothesized that aged individuals experience greater sublethal damage in peri-infarct cortex. Focal cortical stroke was produced in aged and young adult animals. After 30 min, 1, 3 and 5 days brain sections and Western blot were(More)
Weekly glatiramer acetate immunization of transgenic mice modelling Alzheimer's disease resulted in retained cognition (Morris water maze test), decreased amyloid-β plaque burden, and regulation of local inflammation through a mechanism involving enhanced recruitment of monocytes. Ablation of bone marrow-derived myeloid cells exacerbated plaque pathology,(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the expression and regulation of angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) in murine ovaries during sexual maturation, gonadotropin treatment and luteal development by in situ hybridization and RT-PCR. By in situ hybridization Ang-2 mRNA was mainly localized in granulosa cells, thecal cells and corpus luteum, otherwise in oocytes.(More)
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