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Regulation of insulin gene expression by glucose in pancreatic beta cells is largely dependent on a cis-regulatory element, termed RIPE3b/C1, in the insulin gene promoter. MafA, a member of the Maf family of basic leucine zipper (bZip) proteins, is a beta-cell-specific transcriptional activator that binds to the C1 element. Based on increased C1-binding(More)
Insulin is a critical hormone in the regulation of blood glucose levels. It is produced exclusively by pancreatic islet beta-cells. beta-cell-enriched transcription factors, such as Pdx1 and Beta2, have dual roles in the activation of the insulin gene promoter establishing beta-cell-specific insulin expression, and in the regulation of beta-cell(More)
The simian virus 40 (SV40) capsid is composed of 72 pentamers of VP1, the major protein of SV40. These pentamers are arranged in a T=7d icosahedral surface lattice, which is maintained by three types of appropriately arranged, non-equivalent interactions between the pentamers. However, it remains unclear how these interactions are achieved. In this study,(More)
The insulin gene is specifically expressed in beta-cells of the Langerhans islets of the pancreas, and its transcription is regulated by the circulating glucose level. Previous reports have shown that an unidentified beta-cell-specific nuclear factor binds to a conserved cis-regulatory element called RIPE3b and is critical for its glucose-regulated(More)
Specific expression of the insulin gene in pancreatic islet beta-cells requires multiple cis-regulatory elements in its promoter. Pdx1, MafA, and Beta2 have been identified as beta-cell enriched transcription factors that bind to these elements. Pdx1 has been shown to bind to A1, A3, A5, and GG2, and Beta2 binds to E1 by forming a heterodimer with the(More)
Pancreatic β-cell-restricted expression of insulin is established through several critical cis-regulatory elements located in the insulin gene promoter region. The principal cis elements are A-boxes, E1, and C1/RIPE3b. The β-cell-enriched transcription factors Pdx1 and Beta2 bind to the A-boxes and E1 element, respectively. A β-cell-specific trans-acting(More)
Rep78/68 proteins of adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV-2) are involved in many aspects of the viral life cycle, including replication, gene expression, and site-specific integration. To understand the molecular mechanisms of the actions of Rep proteins, we searched for Rep68-interacting cellular proteins by utilizing a one-step affinity purification(More)
Dysregulated expression of Maf proteins (namely c-Maf, MafA and MafB) leads to multiple myeloma in humans and oncogenic transformation of chicken embryonic fibroblasts. Maf proteins are transcriptional activators of tissue-specific gene expression and regulators of cell differentiation. For example, MafA is a critical regulator of crystallin genes and the(More)
OBJECTIVE The transcription factor cyclic AMP-responsive element-binding protein H (CREBH, encoded by Creb3l3) is highly expressed in the liver and small intestine. Hepatic CREBH contributes to glucose and triglyceride metabolism by regulating fibroblast growth factor 21 (Fgf21) expression. However, the intestinal CREBH function remains unknown. METHODS(More)
UNLABELLED Liver X receptor (LXR) activation stimulates triglyceride (TG) accumulation in the liver. Several lines of evidence indicate that estradiol-17β (E2) reduces TG levels in the liver; however, the molecular mechanism underlying the E2 effect remains unclear. Here, we show that administration of E2 attenuated sterol regulatory element-binding protein(More)