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Hat1p and Hat2p are the two subunits of a type B histone acetyltransferase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae that acetylates free histone H4 on lysine 12 in vitro. However, the role for these gene products in chromatin function has been unclear, as deletions of the HAT1 and/or HAT2 gene displayed no obvious phenotype. We have now identified a role for Hat1p and(More)
Synapsin I is a synaptic vesicle-associated protein, participating in synapse formation, regulation of the synthesis of other synaptic vesicle proteins and promotion of neurotransmitter release. The aim of present study was to detect whether regional alteration of synapsin I occurred in the hippocampal formation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Samples(More)
As the only remainder type of phycobiliproteins in Prochlorococcus, the actual role of phycoerythrin still remains unknown. Previous studies revealed that two different forms of phycoerythrin gene were found in two ecotypes of Prochlorococcus that are specifically adapted to either high light (HL) or low light (LL) conditions. Here we analyze patterns of(More)
Kruppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) is involved in self-renewal of embryonic stem cells and reprogramming of somatic cells to pluripotency. However, its role in lineage-committed stem cells remains largely unknown. Here, we show that KLF4 is expressed in neural stem cells (NSCs) and is down-regulated during neuronal differentiation. Unexpectedly, enhanced(More)
To investigate olfactory identification and apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 allele in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), we used Cross-Cultural Smell Identification Test (CC-SIT) from University of Pennsylvania to assess olfactory identification performance and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect apolipoprotein E epsilon 4 (ApoE epsilon 4)(More)
Transgenic Laminaria japonica gametophytes producing a recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rtPA) protein, which is an effective third-generation thrombolytic agent for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), were cultured in an illuminated bubble column bioreactor. A maximum final dry cell weight of 1120 mg l(-1) was obtained in batch culture with an(More)
Streptomyces griseoaurantiacus M045, isolated from marine sediment, produces manumycin and chinikomycin antibiotics. Here we present a high-quality draft genome sequence of S. griseoaurantiacus M045, the first marine Streptomyces species to be sequenced and annotated. The genome encodes several gene clusters for biosynthesis of secondary metabolites and has(More)
In our screening of marine Streptomycetes for bioactive principles, two novel antitumor antibiotics designated as chinikomycins A (2a) and B (2b) were isolated together with manumycin A (1), and their structures were elucidated by a detailed interpretation of their spectra. Chinikomycins A (2a) and B (2b) are chlorine-containing aromatized manumycin(More)
The psychrotrophic Antarctic alga, Chlorella vulgaris NJ-7, grows under an extreme environment of low temperature and high salinity. In an effort to better understand the correlation between fatty acid metabolism and acclimation to Antarctic environment, we analyzed its fatty acid compositions. An extremely high amount of Delta(12) unsaturated fatty acids(More)
The chemical investigation of the crude extract of the marine-derived Streptomyces sp. M491 yielded three new sesquiterpenes, namely, 10alpha,11-dihydroxyamorph-4-ene (4), 10alpha,15-dihydroxyamorph-4-en-3-one (6), and 5alpha,10alpha,11-trihydroxyamorphan-3-one (7). In addition, the known compounds 10alpha-hydroxyamorph-4-en-3-one (2), o-hydroxyacetanilide,(More)