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The modification of newly synthesized histones H3 and H4 by type B histone acetyltransferases has been proposed to play a role in the process of chromatin assembly. The type B histone acetyltransferase Hat1p and specific lysine residues in the histone H3 NH(2)-terminal tail (primarily lysine 14) are redundantly required for telomeric silencing. As many gene(More)
The psychrotrophic Antarctic alga, Chlorella vulgaris NJ-7, grows under an extreme environment of low temperature and high salinity. In an effort to better understand the correlation between fatty acid metabolism and acclimation to Antarctic environment, we analyzed its fatty acid compositions. An extremely high amount of Δ12 unsaturated fatty acids was(More)
In this study, we chronicle the establishment of a novel transformation system for the unicellular marine green alga, Dunaliella salina. We introduced the CaMV35S promoter-GUS construct into D. salina with a PDS1000/He micro-particle bombardment system. Forty eight h after transformation, via histochemical staining, we observed the transient expression of(More)
The community structure and vertical distribution of prokaryotes in a deep-sea (ca. 3,191 m) cold sediment sample (ca. 43 cm long) collected at the East Pacific Rise (EPR) ∼13°N were studied with 16SrDNA-based molecular analyses. Total community DNA was extracted from each of four discrete layers EPRDS-1, -2, -3 and -4 (from top to bottom) and 16S rDNA were(More)
The microalga Haematococcus pluvialis accumulates astaxanthin in response to abiotic stresses. Since methyl jasmonate (MJ) and gibberellins A(3) (GA(3)) are involved in the stress responses of plants, the impact of these compounds on astaxanthin metabolism was studied. Alga cells treated separately with MJ and GA(3) accumulated more astaxanthin than the(More)
The extremely thermophilic anaerobic archaeon strain, HJ21, was isolated from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent, could produce hyperthermophilic α-amylase, and later was identified as Thermococcus from morphological, biochemical, and physiological characteristics and the 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence. The extracellular thermostable α-amylase produced by strain(More)
As the only remainder type of phycobiliproteins in Prochlorococcus, the actual role of phycoerythrin still remains unknown. Previous studies revealed that two different forms of phycoerythrin gene were found in two ecotypes of Prochlorococcus that are specifically adapted to either high light (HL) or low light (LL) conditions. Here we analyze patterns of(More)
The chemical investigation of the crude extract of the marine-derived Streptomyces sp. M491 yielded three new sesquiterpenes, namely, 10alpha,11-dihydroxyamorph-4-ene (4), 10alpha,15-dihydroxyamorph-4-en-3-one (6), and 5alpha,10alpha,11-trihydroxyamorphan-3-one (7). In addition, the known compounds 10alpha-hydroxyamorph-4-en-3-one (2), o-hydroxyacetanilide,(More)
Fatty acid desaturases are enzymes that introduce double bonds into the hydrocarbon chains of fatty acids. The fatty acid desaturases from 37 cyanobacterial genomes were identified and classified based upon their conserved histidine-rich motifs and phylogenetic analysis, which help to determine the amounts and distributions of desaturases in cyanobacterial(More)
The phycobiliproteins (PBSs) are large pigment proteins found in certain algae that play a central role in harvesting light energy for photosynthesis. Phycocyanin (PC) is one type of PBSs that gains increasing attention owing to its various biological and pharmacological properties. In this paper, an expression vector containing five essential genes in(More)