Song Lee

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Seungma-galgeun-tang (SGT) has been used for treatment of chronic diseases in the folk medicine recipe. Since nitric oxide (NO) is one of the major inflammatory parameters, we first studied the effects of SGT on NO production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated BV-2 microglia. SGT inhibited the secretion of NO in BV-2 microglia, without affecting cell(More)
Glycyrrhizae radix has been used as one of the oldest and most frequently employed botanicals in both western and oriental countries. Previously, we showed that liquiritigenin (LQ), an aglycone of liquiritin in G. radix, exerts cytoprotective effects against heavy metal-induced toxicity in vitro. This study investigated in vivo protective effects of LQ(More)
Previously, we reported that oxidative stress caused by sulfur amino acid deficiency (SD) induces B cell translocation gene-1 (Btg-1), which belongs to the Apro family, in hepatocytes. In view of the impairment of immune function by protein restriction that causes SD, this study investigated whether SD or other oxidative stress inhibits iNOS and cytokine(More)
Reversible airway constriction is induced by an increase in airway smooth muscle contractility in response to methacholine likely as a bronchospastic stimulus. Despite the finding of Galpha12 and Galpha13 up-regulation in airway hyperresponsive animals, their functional role of contraction in airway smooth muscle has not been directly explored. This study(More)
BACKGROUND A previous study from this laboratory showed that Galpha12 members participate in the production of inflammatory cytokines. In spite of the identification of B cell homeostasis responses regulated by Galpha13, the functional roles of Galpha12 members in the production of immunoglobulin (Ig) isotypes remained unknown. This study investigated(More)
Background In papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients, postoperative ultrasonography (US) surveillance is recommended at intervals of six or 12 months even though evidence is weak. Purpose To determine the optimal interval of postoperative US surveillance in patients after total thyroidectomy for the treatment of PTC using multicenter data. Material and(More)
The purposes of the present study are to assess whether different characteristics of oligodendrogliomas and astrocytic tumors are visible on MR imaging and to determine the added value of perfusion imaging in conventional MR imaging when differentiating oligodendrogliomas from astrocytic tumors. We retrospectively studied 22 oligodendroglioma and 54(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate intra- and interobserver reliability of the gray scale/dynamic range of the phantom image evaluation of ultrasonography using a standardized phantom, and to assess the effect of interactive education on the reliability. METHODS Three radiologists (a resident, and two board-certified radiologists with 2 and 7 years of experience in(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the locoregional recurrence rate of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and to assess the appropriate frequency of postoperative ultrasonography (US) surveillance for detecting tumor recurrence. The review boards of the seven participating institutions approved this study. From 2000 to 2011, 186 patients underwent at(More)
INTRODUCTION To compare the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced 3D(dimensional) T1-weighted sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts by using different flip angle evolutions (T1-SPACE), 2D fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images and 2D contrast-enhanced T1-weighted image in detection of leptomeningeal metastasis except for(More)