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Epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) often exhibit morphologic features of embryonic Müllerian duct-derived tissue lineages and colonize peritoneal surfaces that overlie connective and adipose tissues. However, the mechanisms that enable EOC cells to readily adapt to the peritoneal environment are poorly understood. In this study, we show that expression of(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a lethal disease that frequently involves the peritoneal cavity. Dissemination of EOC is a multi-step process in which exfoliated tumor cells survive in the peritoneal fluid as multi-cellular aggregates and then form invasive implants on peritoneal surfaces. The mechanisms that control this process are poorly understood.(More)
Homeobox genes encode transcription factors that control patterning of virtually all organ systems including the vasculature. Tumor angiogenesis is stimulated by several homeobox genes that are overexpressed in tumor cells, but the mechanisms of these genes are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which DLX4, a homeobox gene(More)
UNLABELLED More than 60% of patients who are diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) present with extensive peritoneal carcinomatosis. EOC cells typically disseminate by shedding into the peritoneal fluid in which they survive as multicellular aggregates and then implant onto peritoneal surfaces. However, the mechanism that facilitates aggregation(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) exhibit an M2 macrophage phenotype that suppresses anti-tumor immune responses and often correlates with poor outcomes in patients with cancer. Patients with ovarian cancer frequently present with peritoneal carcinomatosis, but the mechanisms that induce naïve peritoneal macrophages into TAMs are poorly understood. In(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal type of gynecologic malignancy. Sixty percent of women who are diagnosed with ovarian cancer present with advanced-stage disease that involves the peritoneal cavity and these patients have a 5-year survival rate of less than 30%. For more than two decades, tumor-debulking surgery followed by platinum-taxane(More)
Ovarian cancers often highly express inflammatory cytokines and form implants throughout the peritoneal cavity. However, the mechanisms that drive inflammatory signaling and peritoneal metastasis of ovarian cancer are poorly understood. We previously identified that high expression of DLX4, a transcription factor encoded by a homeobox gene, is associated(More)
The ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) origin of ovarian cancers has been controversial because these cancers often exhibit Müllerian-like features. One hypothesis is that ovarian neoplasia involves the gain of growth advantages by OSE cells via activation of Müllerian programs. The homeobox gene HOXA10 controls formation of the uterus from the Müllerian(More)
PURPOSE A critical step of protein synthesis involves the liberation of the mRNA cap-binding translation initiation factor eIF4E from 4EBP inhibitory binding proteins, and its engagement to the scaffolding protein eIF4G. eIF4E is a candidate target for cancer therapy because it is overexpressed or activated in many types of tumors and has tumorigenic(More)