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Resveratrol (trans-3,4'-trihydroxystillbene), a naturally occurring polyphenolic antioxidant found in grapes and red wine, elicits diverse biochemical responses and demonstrates anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and anti-proliferative effects in several cell types. Previously, resveratrol was shown to regulate differentiation and inflammation in rabbit(More)
Dedifferentiation and inflammation are major features of cartilage degeneration during the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA). Thymoquinone (TQ) is the major compound of black seed oil isolated from Nigella sativa with various beneficial or harmful effects on several diseases; however, its effects on the dedifferentiation and inflammation of chondrocytes(More)
Withaferin A (WFA) is known as a constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant, Withania somnifera, and has been used for thousands of years. Although WFA has been used for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) and has a wide range of biochemical and pharmacologic activities, there are no findings suggesting its properties on chondrocytes or cartilage. The aim of(More)
Resveratrol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic phytoalexin antioxidant compound present in grapes and red wine, has been reported to induce various biochemical responses. It has been shown to possess anti‑aging, anti‑inflammatory and anti‑proliferative activities in several cell types. However, the effects of resveratrol in normal cells, including(More)
OBJECTIVE We explored the inhibitory effect of sulphoraphane (SFN), a potent inducer of Phase 2 enzymes, on cytokine-induced prostaglandin E(2) (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) production and cartilage degradation in articular chondrocytes. The regulatory mechanism of SFN on nuclear factor (NF)-κB was investigated. METHODS Chondrocytes were obtained from(More)
Flurbiprofen-antioxidant mutual prodrugs were synthesized to reduce the gastrointestinal (GI) effects associated with flurbiprofen. For reducing the GI toxicity, the free carboxylic group (-COOH) was temporarily masked by esterification with phenolic -OH of natural antioxidants vanillin, thymol, umbelliferone, and sesamol. The in vitro hydrolysis of(More)
Dexibuprofen-antioxidant conjugates were synthesized with the aim to reduce its gastrointestinal effects. The esters analogs of dexibuprofen 5a-c were obtained by reacting its -COOH group with chloroacetyl derivatives 3a-c. The in vitro hydrolysis data confirmed that synthesized prodrugs 5a-c were stable in stomach while undergo significant hydrolysis in(More)
Chondrocytes are the exclusive cells residing in cartilage and maintain the functionality of cartilage tissue. Series of biocomponents such as different growth factors, cytokines, and transcriptional factors regulate the mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiation to chondrocytes. The number of chondrocytes and dedifferentiation are the key limitations in(More)
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