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Understanding the connotation of words plays an important role in interpreting subtle shades of sentiment beyond denotative or surface meaning of text, as seemingly objective statements often allude nuanced sentiment of the writer, and even purposefully conjure emotion from the readers’ minds. The focus of this paper is drawing nuanced, connotative(More)
This paper postulates that there are natural distributions of opinions in product reviews. In particular, we hypothesize that for a given domain, there is a set of representative distributions of review rating scores. A deceptive business entity that hires people to write fake reviews will necessarily distort its distribution of review scores, leaving(More)
Predicting the success of literary works is a curious question among publishers and aspiring writers alike. We examine the quantitative connection, if any, between writing style and successful literature. Based on novels over several different genres, we probe the predictive power of statistical stylometry in discriminating successful literary works, and(More)
Much of the writing styles recognized in rhetorical and composition theories involve deep syntactic elements. However, most previous research for computational stylometric analysis has relied on shallow lexico-syntactic patterns. Some very recent work has shown that PCFG models can detect distributional difference in syntactic styles, but without offering(More)
Natural products have always been important resources either as therapeutic agents or as lead compounds for the production of pharmaceutical compounds. Osthole, 7-methoxy-8-(3-methyl-2-butenyl) coumarin, an ingredient of a Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM), has received considerable attention recently because of its significant and diverse pharmacological(More)
The dryness of terrestrial climate can be measured by the ratio of annual precipitation (P) to potential evapotranspiration (PET), where the latter represents the evaporative demand of the atmosphere, which depends on the surface air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and available energy. This study examines how the terrestrial mean aridity(More)
In this paper, we introduce a connotation lexicon, a new type of lexicon that list words with connotative polarity, i.e., words with positive connotation (e.g., award, promotion) and words with negative connotation (e.g., cancer, war). Connotation lexicons differ from much studied sentiment lexicons: the latter concerns words that express sentiment, while(More)
We introduce ConnotationWordNet, a connotation lexicon over the network of words in conjunction with senses. We formulate the lexicon induction problem as collective inference over pairwise-Markov Random Fields, and present a loopy belief propagation algorithm for inference. The key aspect of our method is that it is the first unified approach that assigns(More)