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The literature related to Borg's ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) scale has revealed inconsistencies about the strength of the relationship between ratings of perceived exertion and various physiological criterion measures, such as heart rate, blood lactate concentration, percent maximal oxygen uptake (%VO2max), oxygen uptake (VO2), ventilation and(More)
The enkephalins, dynorphins, and endorphins are endogenous opioids which function as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, and hormones and are involved in the perception of pain, modulation of behavior, and regulation of autonomic and neuroendocrine function. Pharmacological studies have defined three classes of opioid receptors, designated as delta, kappa,(More)
The design, fabrication, and measurement results for a diaphragm-based single crystal silicon sensor element of size 820 μm × 820 μm × 500 μm are presented. The sensor element is designed for in vivo applications with respect to size and measurement range. Moreover, it is optimized for longtime operation in the human body through a built-in protection(More)
NPS 1506 is a moderate affinity, uncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist. NPS 1506 is neuroprotective in rodent models of ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and head trauma, with a 2-hr window of opportunity. Neuroprotectant doses of NPS 1506 ranged from approximately 0.1-1.0 mg/kg, with peak plasma concentrations ranging from 8-80(More)
NPS Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NPS) has synthesized a series of open-channel blockers with varying potencies at the NMDA receptor. NPS 1506 (Fig. 1) is a moderate affinity antagonist that inhibits NMDA/glycine-induced increases in cytosolic calcium in cultured rat cerebellar granule cells (IC50 = 476nM) and displaces the binding of [3H]MK-801 to rat cortical(More)
The two enantiomers of the title compound have been prepared by different synthetic routes. Both bind strongly to 5-HT1A receptors from rat forebrain membrane tissue. However, in a guinea pig ileum preparation, the (R)-enantiomer exhibits properties consistent with its being an agonist, whereas the (S)-enantiomer shows no agonist effect, but it blocks the(More)
Naltrindole (1) (NTI) is a highly potent and selective delta-opioid receptor antagonist. In an effort to understand the origin of the high potency, affinity, and selectivity of NTI, we have examined the conformational role of its indolic benzene moiety through the synthesis of related naltrexone derivatives 3-8, which contain the benzene moiety in different(More)
The subject compounds were prepared as a part of a continuing structure-activity study of the contrasting actions (agonism-antagonism) of (+)- and (-)-11-hydroxy-10-methylaporphine at serotonin (5-HT1A) receptors. None of the targeted nonoxygenated aporphine derivatives demonstrated significant activity in assays for any effects at serotonin 5-HT1A(More)
The stereoselective synthesis and biological activity of NPS 1407 (4a), (S)-(-)-3-amino-1,1-bis(3-fluorophenyl)butane, a potent, stereoselective antagonist of the NMDA receptor, are described. The racemate (4) was found to be active at the NMDA receptor in an in vitro assay, prompting the synthesis of the individual stereoisomers. The S isomer (4a) was(More)