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Hypomagnesemia has been reported to occur at an increased frequency among patients with type 2 diabetes compared with their counterparts without diabetes. Despite numerous reports linking hypomagnesemia to chronic diabetic complications, attention to this issue is poor among clinicians. This article reviews the literature on the metabolism of magnesium,(More)
Although renal transplantation ameliorates cardiovascular risk factors by restoring renal function, it introduces new cardiovascular risks including impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia that are derived, in part, from immunosuppressive medications such as calcineurin inhibitors, corticosteroids, or mammalian target(More)
Although magnesium is involved in a wide spectrum of vital functions in normal human physiology, the significance of hypomagnesemia and necessity for its treatment are under-recognized and underappreciated in clinical practice. In the current review, we first present an overview of the clinical significance of hypomagnesemia and normal magnesium metabolism,(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined by abnormalities in kidney function or damage stable for more than three months, is a relatively common disease in Japan. A high prevalence of pain-associated disease is reported in the CKD population. Thus, there is ample opportunity to manage pain in patients with CKD in ordinary clinical practice. When administering(More)
AIMS Hypomagnesemia has been implicated in adversely affecting diabetic complications. This is a retrospective study designed to determine whether there is any association between serum magnesium concentration [Mg2+] and the rate of renal function deterioration, as determined by the slope of serum creatinine reciprocals versus time (1/SCr-vs-t), in patients(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is well known to be a coronary artery disease risk equivalent but the cellular mechanism is not completely understood. Recently, virtual histology intravascular ultrasound has demonstrated that patients with DM tend to have a higher occurrence of vulnerable plaques as compared with patients without DM. Insulin-sensitizing agents, such(More)
INTRODUCTION We previously reported that lower serum magnesium levels [Mg2+] can be associated with more rapid decline in renal function in patients with diabetes mellitus Type 2 (DM2). We now report long-term renal outcomes of the same patient cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS Most recent serum creatinine (SCr) and routine urinary analyses (RUA) for the 550(More)
The delicate balance of disease management versus off-target effects of treatment continues to be a vital concern to both patients and physicians. This article offers a brief overview of heart failure in diabetes and comments on the recent outcome trials of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, with a closer look at a few pathobiological concerns. The(More)
The advent of potent antiplatelet and antithrombotic agents over the past decade has resulted in significant improvement in reducing ischemic events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the use of antiplatelet and antithrombotic combination therapy, often in the settings of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), has led to an increase in the risk(More)
In patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS), both periprocedural acute myocardial infarction and bleeding complications have been shown to be associated with early and late mortality. Current standard antithrombotic therapy after coronary stent implantation consists of lifelong aspirin and clopidogrel(More)