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We report hydrothermal synthesis of single crystalline TiO(2) nanowire arrays with unprecedented small feature sizes of ~5 nm and lengths up to 4.4 μm on fluorine-doped tin oxide substrates. A substantial amount of nitrogen (up to 1.08 atomic %) can be incorporated into the TiO(2) lattice via nitridation in NH(3) flow at a relatively low temperature (500(More)
We report a synergistic effect involving hydrogenation and nitridation cotreatment of TiO(2) nanowire (NW) arrays that improves the water photo-oxidation performance under visible light illumination. The visible light (>420 nm) photocurrent of the cotreated TiO(2) is 0.16 mA/cm(2) and accounts for 41% of the total photocurrent under simulated AM 1.5 G(More)
Porous, nanostructured BiVO4 films are incorporated with Mo and W by simultaneous evaporation of Bi, V, Mo, and W in vacuum followed by oxidation in air. Synthesis parameters such as the Bi : V : Mo : W atomic ratio and deposition angle are adjusted to optimize the films for photoelectrochemical (PEC) water oxidation. Films synthesized with a Bi : V : Mo :(More)
Bismuth oxy-iodide is a potentially interesting visible-light-active photocatalyst; yet there is little research regarding its photoelectrochemical properties. Herein we report the synthesis of BiOI nanoplatelet photoelectrodes by spray pyrolysis on fluorine-doped tin oxide substrates at various temperatures. The films exhibited n-type conductivity, most(More)
The strain field of individual epitaxial sub-micrometric copper islands is studied using coherent x-ray diffraction and finite element modelling. The strain inhomogeneity in each island is so large that the characteristic features of the island shape tend to disappear in the diffraction pattern, which is dominated by strain effects. The model confirms the(More)
Niobium-modified TiO2 hierarchical spherical micrometer-size particles, which consist of many nanowires, are synthesized by solvothermal synthesis and studied as photoelectrodes for water photo-oxidation and dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) applications. Incorporation of Nb leads to a rutile-to-anatase TiO2 phase transition in the TiO2 hierarchical spheres(More)
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