Somsak Ruchirawat

Learn More
Investigation of the MeOH extract obtained from the root of the Ziziphus mauritiana grown in Thailand resulted in the isolation of two 14- and 13-membered cyclic alkaloids, mauritine L (1) and mauritine M (2), and three known cyclopeptide alkaloids, nummularines H (3), B (4) and hemsine A (5). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR(More)
Vanillin, a food flavoring agent, has been reported to show anti-mutagenic activity and to inhibit chemical carcinogenesis. In this study, we examined the effect of vanillin on the growth and metastasis of 4T1 mammary adenocarcinoma cells in BALB/c mice. Mice orally administered with vanillin showed significantly reduced numbers of lung metastasized(More)
Bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids, tiliacorinine (1), 2'-nortiliacorinine (2), and tiliacorine (3), isolated from the edible plant, Tiliacora triandra, as well as a synthetic derivative, 13'-bromo-tiliacorinine (4), were tested against 59 clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-MTB). The alkaloids 1-4 showed MIC values ranging(More)
A new tyrosine-derived metabolite, aspergillusol A (4), was isolated on a gram scale, together with a methyl ester of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid oxime (5) and secalonic acid A, from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus aculeatus CRI323-04. The tetraol in 4 was identified as erythritol by comparison of the 1H NMR spectrum of its benzoylated derivative with(More)
Various classes of natural products and synthetic compounds were tested against reference strains and clinical multidrug resistant isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Vermelhotin (19), a natural tetramic acid from fungi, was the most active toward clinical MDR TB isolates (MIC 1.5-12.5 μg/mL). Synthetic compounds (i.e. benzoxazocines, coumarins,(More)
Andrographis paniculata has been widely used for the prevention and treatment of common cold especially in Asia and Scandinavia. The three active diterpenoids from this plant, including aqueous plant extracts, were investigated for the inhibitory effect on platelet aggregation in vitro. The results indicated that andrographolide (AP(1)) and(More)
Rhinacanthone, a main bioactive naphthoquinone, isolated from roots of Rhinacanthus nasutus KURZ, (family Acanthaceae), a Thai traditional medicine, has been reported to possess anticancer effects, although the anticancer mechanism is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effects of rhinacanthone on cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and(More)
Interference of exogenous chemicals with the aromatase enzyme can be useful as a tool to identify chemicals that could act either chemopreventive for hormone-dependent cancer or adverse endocrine disruptive. Aromatase is the key enzyme in the biosynthesis of steroids, as it converts androgens to estrogens. Certain flavonoids, plant derived chemicals, are(More)
Five new hybrid peptide-polyketides, curvularides A-E (1-5), were isolated from the endophytic fungus Curvularia geniculata, which was obtained from the limbs of Catunaregam tomentosa. Structure elucidation for curvularides A-E (1-5) was accomplished by analysis of spectroscopic data, as well as by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. Curvularide B (2)(More)
Mycoepoxydiene ( 1) and derivatives, deacetylmycoepoxydiene ( 2) and 2,3-dihydromycoepoxydiene ( 3), were isolated from a broth extract of the endophytic fungus, phomopsis sp., which was isolated from a Thai medicinal plant, Hydnocarpus anthelminthicus. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent cytotoxic activity, while a dihydro derivative 3 was inactive. The(More)