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Based on a pharmacophore hypothesis substituted tetramic and tetronic acid 3-carboxamides as well as dihydropyridin-2-one-3-carboxamides were investigated as inhibitors of undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (UPPS) for use as novel antimicrobial agents. Synthesis and structure-activity relationship patterns for this class of compounds are discussed.… (More)
The synthesis and identification of a novel series of inhibitors of integrin VLA-4 are described. Their in vitro activity and selectivity against closely related integrins are also presented.
Undecaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (UPPS) catalyzes the consecutive condensation of eight molecules of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) with farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) to generate the C(55) undecaprenyl pyrophosphate (UPP). It has been demonstrated that tetramic acids (TAs) are selective and potent inhibitors of UPPS, but the mode of inhibition was… (More)
We have developed a homogeneous high-capacity assay format for measuring integrin- and selectin-dependent cell binding to immobilized ligand using V-well microtiter plates. 2',7'-Bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5-(and-6)-carboxylfluorescence, acetoxymethylester-labeled cells are added to ligand-coated V-shaped microtiter wells. Bound cells are separated from free cells… (More)
The structural chemistry and biological activity of the bengamide class of compounds have been further characterized. Extracts prepared from recollected Jaspis cf. coriacea from five sites in Fiji were pooled. Six new bengamides, M (7b), N (8a), O (8b), P (9a), Q (9b), and R (10), were identified, accompanied by the known bengamides A (1a), B (1b), E (3a),… (More)
1,4-Diazepane-2,5-diones (2) are found to be a new class of potent LFA-1 inhibitors. The synthesis, structure, and biological evaluation of these 1,4-diazepine-2,5-diones and related derivatives are described.
Total syntheses of the cytotoxic marine natural products bengamides B and E are described. Both bengamides are prepared via amide coupling of a protected polyhydroxylated lactone intermediate 9 with a suitably substituted aminocaprolactam intermediate. Lactone 9 is prepared in five steps from commercially available alpha-D-glucoheptonic gamma-lactone. The… (More)
The design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of 1,4-diazepane-2-ones as novel LFA-1 antagonists from a scaffold-based combinatorial library are described. Initial optimization of the library lead has resulted in high-affinity antagonists of the LFA-1/ICAM-1 interaction, such as compounds 18d and 18e with IC(50) values of 110 and 70 nM, respectively.