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BACKGROUND Although significant associations of childhood adversities with adult mental disorders are widely documented, most studies focus on single childhood adversities predicting single disorders. AIMS To examine joint associations of 12 childhood adversities with first onset of 20 DSM-IV disorders in World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys in 21 countries.(More)
BACKGROUND The initial Global Burden of Disease study found that depression was the fourth leading cause of disease burden, accounting for 3.7% of total disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in the world in 1990. AIMS To present the new estimates of depression burden for the year 2000. METHOD DALYs for depressive disorders in each world region were(More)
Data are presented on the lifetime prevalence, projected lifetime risk, and age-of-onset distributions of mental disorders in the World Health Organization (WHO)'s World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. Face-to-face community surveys were conducted in seventeen countries in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe, and the Middle East. The combined numbers of(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is an important public-health problem, and one of the leading causes of disease burden worldwide. Depression is often comorbid with other chronic diseases and can worsen their associated health outcomes. Few studies have explored the effect of depression, alone or as a comorbidity, on overall health status. METHODS The WHO World(More)
AIMS The paper reviews recent findings from the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) surveys on the global burden of mental disorders. METHODS The WMH surveys are representative community surveys in 28 countries throughout the world aimed at providing information to mental health policy makers about the prevalence, distribution, burden, and unmet need for(More)
CONTEXT Controversy exists about the appropriate criteria for a diagnosis of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). OBJECTIVE To examine the structure and symptoms most predictive of DSM-IV adult ADHD. DESIGN The data are from clinical interviews in enriched subsamples of the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (n = 131) and a survey(More)
OBJECTIVE Outcome research seeks to understand the end results of health services. Researchers use a wide variety of outcome measures including technical, clinical and patient-oriented measures. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) as a common reference framework for functioning may contribute to improved outcome(More)
Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule - Alcohol/Drug-Revised (AUDADIS-A/D-R) is a fully structured, standardized and precoded instrument designed to evaluate alcohol and drug use disorders according to DSM-III-R, DSM-IV, and ICD-10 criteria. The AUDADIS-A/D-R has shown good to excellent reliability in both large clinical and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the development of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) for measuring functioning and disability in accordance with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. WHODAS 2.0 is a standard metric for ensuring scientific comparability across different populations. (More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the cross-national prevalence of psychotic symptoms in the general population and to analyze their impact on health status. METHOD The sample was composed of 256,445 subjects (55.9% women), from nationally representative samples of 52 countries worldwide participating in the World Health Organization's World Health Survey.(More)